i came across this to set the appropriate option bits bits dpeending on the input....
but some one explain me about hexamdecimal values dealt here ... and why they are dealt here.
A simple C command line utility takes a series of command line options. The options are given to the utility like this : <utility_name> options=[no]option1,[no]options2,[no]option3?... Write C code using bitwise operators to use these flags in the code.
//Each option will have a bit reserved in the global_options_bits integer. The global_options_bits
// integer will have a bit set or not set depending on how the option was specified by the user.
// For example, if the user said nooption1, the bit for OPTION1 in global_options_bits
// will be 0. Likewise, if the user specified option3, the bit for OPTION3 in global_options_bits
// will be set to 1.
#define OPTION1 "option1" // For strcmp() with the passed arguments.
#define OPTION1_BITPOS (0x00000001) // Bit reserved for this option.
#define OPTION2 "option2"
#define OPTION2_BITPOS (0x00000002)
#define OPTION3 "option3"
#define OPTION3_BITPOS (0x00000004)
//Required to do the bit operations.
#define ALL_BITPOS (0x0001ffff)
// Assume you have already parsed the command line option and that
// parsed_argument_without_no has option1 or option2 or option3 (depending on what has
// been provided at the command line) and the variable negate_argument says if the
// option was negated or not (i.e, if it was option1 or nooption1)
if (strcmp((char *) parsed_argument_without_no, (char *) OPTION1) == 0)
// Copy the global_options_bits to a temporary variable.
// Setting the bit for this particular option to 0 as the option has
// been negated.
action_mask= ~(OPTION1_BITPOS) & ALL_BITPOS;
tmp_action= tmp_action & action_mask;
//Setting the bit for this particular option to 1.
tmp_action= tmp_action | action_mask;
// Copy back the final bits to the global_options_bits variable
else if (strcmp((char *) parsed_argument_without_no, (char *) OPTION2) == 0)
//Similar code for OPTION2
else if (strcmp((char *) parsed_argument_without_no, (char *) OPTION3) == 0)
//Similar code for OPTION3
//Now someone who wishes to check if a particular option was set or not can use the
// following type of code anywhere else in the code.
if(((global_options_bits & OPTION1_BITPOS) == OPTION1_BITPOS)
//Do processing for the case where OPTION1 was active.
//Do processing for the case where OPTION1 was NOT active.