Do you mean to say, it is only for header (not source) files, that this is for?
Avoiding Including Files Multiple Times (idempotency)
Another common problem is that a header file is required in multiple other header files that are later included into a source code file, with the result often being that variables, structs, classes or functions appear to be defined multiple times (once for each time the header file is included). This can result in a lot of compile-time headaches. Fortunately, the preprocessor provides an easy technique for ensuring that any given file is included once and only once.
By using the #ifndef directive, you can include a block of text only if a particular expression is undefined; then, within the header file, you can define the expression. This ensures that the code in the #ifndef is included only the first time the file is loaded.
/* code */
#endif // #ifndef _FILE_NAME_H_
Notice that it's not necessary to actually give a value to the expression _FILE_NAME_H_. It's sufficient to include the line "#define _FILE_NAME_H_" to make it "defined". (Note that there is an n in #ifndef--it stands for "if not defined").