Thread: Shared Memory - shmget questions

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Nov 2005

    Shared Memory - shmget questions

    Hi All,
    This is my first post - and I am just beginning C so your help is greatly appreciated.

    I'm trying to understand the size_t param for shmget() as well as the limits of shared memory in general. I'm on Linux for now, but want this to be cross platform.

    When creating a shared memory segment I create the size based on filesize (character length) + a buffer + 1 (for an extra \0 since for now I am storing strings).

    When I later go to read a shared memory segment I am confused as to what is happening. I have a ton of questions so I hope I am asking them correctly.

    shmget(key,filesize, IPC_CREAT | 0555)

    If I am retrieving a shared memory segment how would I know filesize ahead of time? Would I need to?
    When I get the stat from shmctrl it is a different size than PAGE_SIZE (which I thought it rounded up to) and from the size I allocated. So what is size of shared memory segment really about?

    I've ready quite a bit on the web and some of the Linux man page. But I don't understand the size allocations and limitations of shared memory segments.


    Should I remove IPC_CREAT if I want it to fail if it doesn't exist?

    What I am trying to do is persist memory (some strings, and preferably a struct). The application doesn't run as a dameon - the applications life span is short, so I don't believe I have persistant memory. Reading from disk and DB is slower than I want.

    I suppose there are a lot of OS specific issues with shmget since it is os dependent.

    If there is a way to persist memory in malloc() I guess that would suffice. If the application had it's own protected memory where I could use actual memory addresses would that work instead of shmget()?

  2. #2
    and the hat of int overfl Salem's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2001
    The edge of the known universe
    > and I am just beginning C
    This is a huge task for someone who is just beginning C.

    Could you elaborate on the problem you're trying to solve?

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