hi all,

When I tried to learn about IP checksum I came across the following function for checksum calculation.can any one please explain the code.

Code:

u_short
in_cksum(register u_short *addr, register int len)
{
register int nleft = len;
register u_short *w = addr;
register u_short answer;
register int sum = 0;
/*
* Our algorithm is simple, using a 32 bit accumulator (sum),
* we add sequential 16 bit words to it, and at the end, fold
* back all the carry bits from the top 16 bits into the lower
* 16 bits.
*/
while (nleft > 1) {
sum += *w++;
nleft -= 2;
}
/* mop up an odd byte, if necessary */
if (nleft == 1)
sum += *(u_char *)w;
/*
* add back carry outs from top 16 bits to low 16 bits
*/
sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff); /* add hi 16 to low 16 */
sum += (sum >> 16); /* add carry */
answer = ~sum; /* truncate to 16 bits */
return (answer);
}

Thanks..