How to mute microphone in mixer?

This is a discussion on How to mute microphone in mixer? within the Windows Programming forums, part of the Platform Specific Boards category; Hey guys, Im looking for a quick way to send a message to the windows audio mixer instructing it to ...

  1. #1
    That Creepy Network Guy DeepBlackMagic's Avatar
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    How to mute microphone in mixer?

    Hey guys,

    Im looking for a quick way to send a message to the windows audio mixer instructing it to either mute or unmute the microphone (This is for a push-to-talk button)

    Thanks for your time, any help would be greatly appreciated.


    P.S. Im not using any .NETrash.

  2. #2
    That Creepy Network Guy DeepBlackMagic's Avatar
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    Im trying to edit some existing code, however im having troubles finding the right control.

    Controls like: MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_DST_WAVEIN and MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_DST_MICROPHONE come back as non-existant. (Code compiles fine, runs fine, etc. Just cant find the control i want)

    If you know how to get a handle on the microphones input mute please let me know.

  3. #3
    Yes, my avatar is stolen anonytmouse's Avatar
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    Here is a little function, assembled from code in a CodeProject article.
    Code:
    #include <windows.h>
    
    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
    #pragma comment(lib, "Winmm.lib")
    #endif
    
    /* 
     * Function to mute or unmute the system microphone.
     * Arg: fMute - TRUE to mute, FALSE to unmute.
     */
    BOOL MuteMicrophone(BOOL fMute)
    {
    	MMRESULT                    result   = 0;
    	HMIXER                      hMixer   = 0;
    	MIXERLINE                   ml       = { 0 };
    	MIXERLINECONTROLS           mlc      = { 0 };
    	MIXERCONTROL                mc       = { 0 };
    	MIXERCONTROLDETAILS_BOOLEAN mcb      = { 0 };
    	MIXERCONTROLDETAILS         mcd      = { 0 };
    
    	result = mixerOpen(&hMixer, MIXER_OBJECTF_MIXER, 0, 0, 0);
    
    	ml.cbStruct        = sizeof(MIXERLINE);
    	ml.dwComponentType = MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_SRC_MICROPHONE ;
    	result = mixerGetLineInfo((HMIXEROBJ) hMixer, &ml, MIXER_GETLINEINFOF_COMPONENTTYPE);
    
    	mlc.cbStruct      = sizeof(MIXERLINECONTROLS);
    	mlc.dwLineID      = ml.dwLineID;
    	mlc.dwControlType = MIXERCONTROL_CONTROLTYPE_MUTE;
    	mlc.cControls     = 1;
    	mlc.pamxctrl      = &mc;
    	mlc.cbmxctrl      = sizeof(MIXERCONTROL);
    	result = mixerGetLineControls((HMIXEROBJ) hMixer, &mlc, MIXER_GETLINECONTROLSF_ONEBYTYPE);
    
    	mcd.cbStruct    = sizeof(MIXERCONTROLDETAILS);
    	mcd.hwndOwner   = NULL;
    	mcd.dwControlID = mc.dwControlID;
    	mcb.fValue      = fMute;
    	mcd.paDetails   = &mcb;
    	mcd.cbDetails   = sizeof(MIXERCONTROLDETAILS_BOOLEAN);
    	mcd.cChannels   = 1;
    	result = mixerSetControlDetails((HMIXEROBJ) hMixer, &mcd, MIXER_SETCONTROLDETAILSF_VALUE);
    
    	mixerClose(hMixer);
    
    	return (result == MMSYSERR_NOERROR ? TRUE : FALSE);
    
    }
    
    int main(void)
    {
    	MuteMicrophone(TRUE);
    
    	return 0;
    }
    The Mixer API has got to be the messiest API in Win32. I can only assume that is was designed by the work experience kid while he was smoking some seriously good stuff.

  4. #4
    That Creepy Network Guy DeepBlackMagic's Avatar
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    Its my understanding that SRC_MICROPHONE will only mute/unmute the ECHO of whats entered. Correct me if im wrong here. Im trying to shut off the microphones input to the system.

  5. #5
    That Creepy Network Guy DeepBlackMagic's Avatar
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    I guess i should clarify where im at right now: I cant get a working MIXERCONTROL_CONTROLTYPE_MUTE of my MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_DST_WAVEIN. I dont know how to mute that componenttype. I think im close but im probablly doing something wrong. I can get a mixercontrol_controltype_mux but not mute =*(

  6. #6
    Yes, my avatar is stolen anonytmouse's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by DeepBlackMagic
    Its my understanding that SRC_MICROPHONE will only mute/unmute the ECHO of whats entered. Correct me if im wrong here. Im trying to shut off the microphones input to the system.
    I'm not sure. Can you try it? I don't have a microphone handy.

  7. #7
    Yes, my avatar is stolen anonytmouse's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by DeepBlackMagic
    I guess i should clarify where im at right now: I cant get a working MIXERCONTROL_CONTROLTYPE_MUTE of my MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_DST_WAVEIN. I dont know how to mute that componenttype. I think im close but im probablly doing something wrong. I can get a mixercontrol_controltype_mux but not mute =*(
    Have you tried using my code, just with MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_SRC_MICROPHONE changed to MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_DST_WAVEIN?

  8. #8
    That Creepy Network Guy DeepBlackMagic's Avatar
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    Yes i have changed SRC_MIC to DST_WAVEIN, doesnt mute the mic at all.

    I cant seem to get a MUTE control on the DST_WAVEIN. I have tried it on both your code and mine now. There has to be some sort of trick to this, maybe one of the day people see what im missing? Idk, my 4am code is never very good =P

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