~~multi-column list~~

This is a discussion on ~~multi-column list~~ within the Windows Programming forums, part of the Platform Specific Boards category; i need to list some information of books in my program. because each information of book has several parts, (like ...

  1. #1
    Never Exist Hermitsky's Avatar
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    ~~multi-column list~~

    i need to list some information of books in my program.
    because each information of book has several parts, (like isbn,title,press ....) i need to set the listbox to multi-column.
    but i don't how to do this
    can anyone help me? it would be great if someone can show me a sample to let me konw how to create and control a multi-column list.
    Attached Images Attached Images  

    blow me ... ...

  2. #2
    It's full of stars adrianxw's Avatar
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    Compile and run this, see if it answers your question.
    Code:
    //
    // Multi Column ListBox Tutorial
    // c. adrianxw
    //
    
    #include <windows.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    
    LRESULT CALLBACK WindowFunc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);
    
    HINSTANCE hInstance;
    
    int WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE hThisInst, HINSTANCE hPrevInst, 
                       LPSTR Args, int WinMode)
    {
        HWND hWnd;
        MSG Message;
        WNDCLASSEX WinClass;
    
        hInstance = hThisInst;
        
        WinClass.cbSize = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX);   
        WinClass.hInstance = hThisInst;
        WinClass.lpszClassName = "Window";
        WinClass.lpfnWndProc = WindowFunc; 
        WinClass.style = 0;     
        WinClass.hIcon = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
        WinClass.hIconSm = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO);
        WinClass.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
        WinClass.lpszMenuName = NULL; 
        WinClass.cbClsExtra = 0; 
        WinClass.cbWndExtra = 0;
        WinClass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject(LTGRAY_BRUSH); 
        
        if(!RegisterClassEx(&WinClass)) return 0;
        
        hWnd = CreateWindow("Window", 
                            "Window",
                            WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, 
                            CW_USEDEFAULT,
                            CW_USEDEFAULT, 
                            CW_USEDEFAULT, 
                            CW_USEDEFAULT,
                            HWND_DESKTOP,
                            NULL,
                            hThisInst,
                            NULL);
        
        ShowWindow(hWnd, 
                   WinMode);
        UpdateWindow(hWnd);
    
        while(GetMessage(&Message,
                         NULL,
                         0,
                         0))
        {
            TranslateMessage(&Message); 
            DispatchMessage(&Message);
        }
        return Message.wParam;
    }
    
    LRESULT CALLBACK WindowFunc(HWND hWnd,UINT Message,WPARAM wParam,LPARAM lParam)
    {
        HWND hListBox;
        int i;
        char Output[12];
    
        switch(Message)
        {
        case WM_CREATE:
            hListBox = CreateWindow("LISTBOX",
                                    NULL,
                                    WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE | LBS_MULTICOLUMN,
                                    10,
                                    10,
                                    500,
                                    500,
                                    hWnd,
                                    (HMENU) 500,
                                    hInstance,
                                    NULL);
    
            SendMessage(hListBox,
                        LB_SETCOLUMNWIDTH,
                        (WPARAM) 100,
                        (LPARAM) 0);
    
            for (i=0; i<100; i++)
            {
                sprintf(Output, "String %d", i);
                SendMessage(hListBox,
                            LB_ADDSTRING,
                            (WPARAM) 0,
                            (LPARAM) Output);
            }
                        
            break;
        case WM_DESTROY:
            PostQuitMessage(0);
            break;
        default:
            return DefWindowProc(hWnd,
                                 Message,
                                 wParam,
                                 lParam);
        }
        return 0;
    }
    Wave upon wave of demented avengers march cheerfully out of obscurity unto the dream.

  3. #3
    Never Exist Hermitsky's Avatar
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    thanks a lot,adrianxw.



    but there are still some problem:
    SendMessage(hListBox,
    LB_ADDSTRING,
    (WPARAM) 0,
    (LPARAM) Output);
    this code add all strings in one column, i wonder how can i add five strings in fine columns one row?
    and how to add column title???

    blow me ... ...

  4. #4
    Yes, my avatar is stolen anonytmouse's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2002
    Posts
    2,544
    The list-view control can be customised more but is also more complex. You can check out the FoosYerDoos common controls site or you can try this modified version of the scratch program.
    Code:
    #define _WIN32_IE 0x300
    #include <windows.h>
    #include <commctrl.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    #pragma comment(lib, "gdi32.lib")
    #pragma comment(lib, "comctl32.lib")
    
    LRESULT CALLBACK WindowFunc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);
    
    HINSTANCE hInstance;
    
    int WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE hThisInst, HINSTANCE hPrevInst, 
                       LPSTR Args, int WinMode)
    {
        HWND hWnd;
        MSG Message;
        WNDCLASSEX WinClass      = { 0 };
        INITCOMMONCONTROLSEX icc = { 0 };
    
        hInstance = hThisInst;
    
        icc.dwSize = sizeof(icc);
        icc.dwICC = ICC_LISTVIEW_CLASSES;
        InitCommonControlsEx(&icc);
        
        WinClass.cbSize        = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX);   
        WinClass.hInstance     = hThisInst;
        WinClass.lpszClassName = TEXT("ListViewSample");
        WinClass.lpfnWndProc   = WindowFunc; 
        WinClass.style         = 0;     
        WinClass.hIcon         = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
        WinClass.hIconSm       = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO);
        WinClass.hCursor       = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
        WinClass.lpszMenuName  = NULL; 
        WinClass.cbClsExtra    = 0; 
        WinClass.cbWndExtra    = 0;
        WinClass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject(LTGRAY_BRUSH); 
        
        if(!RegisterClassEx(&WinClass)) return 0;
        
        hWnd = CreateWindow(TEXT("ListViewSample"), 
                            TEXT("List View Sample"),
                            WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, 
                            CW_USEDEFAULT,
                            CW_USEDEFAULT, 
                            CW_USEDEFAULT, 
                            CW_USEDEFAULT,
                            NULL,
                            NULL,
                            hThisInst,
                            NULL);
        
        ShowWindow(hWnd, WinMode);
        UpdateWindow(hWnd);
    
        while(GetMessage(&Message,
                         NULL,
                         0,
                         0))
        {
            TranslateMessage(&Message); 
            DispatchMessage(&Message);
        }
        return Message.wParam;
    }
    
    LRESULT CALLBACK WindowFunc(HWND hWnd,UINT Message,WPARAM wParam,LPARAM lParam)
    {
        HWND hListView;
    
        switch(Message)
        {
        case WM_CREATE:
        {
            LVCOLUMN lvc = { 0 };
            LVITEM   lv  = { 0 };
    
            hListView = CreateWindow(WC_LISTVIEW,
                                     NULL,
                                     WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE | LVS_REPORT,
                                     10,
                                     10,
                                     500,
                                     500,
                                     hWnd,
                                     (HMENU) 500,
                                     hInstance,
                                     NULL);
    
    	ListView_SetExtendedListViewStyle(hListView, LVS_EX_CHECKBOXES | LVS_EX_FULLROWSELECT | LVS_EX_HEADERDRAGDROP);
    
            lvc.mask = LVCF_TEXT | LVCF_SUBITEM | LVCF_WIDTH  | LVCF_FMT;
            lvc.fmt  = LVCFMT_LEFT;
    
            /* Add four columns to the list-view (first column contains check box). */
            lvc.iSubItem = 0;
            lvc.cx       = 50;
            lvc.pszText  = TEXT("Record");
            ListView_InsertColumn(hListView, 0, &lvc);
    
            lvc.iSubItem = 1;
            lvc.cx       = 100;
            lvc.pszText  = TEXT("Name");
            ListView_InsertColumn(hListView, 1, &lvc);
    
            lvc.iSubItem = 2;
            lvc.cx       = 70;
            lvc.pszText  = TEXT("Episodes");
            ListView_InsertColumn(hListView, 2, &lvc);
    
            lvc.iSubItem = 3;
            lvc.cx       = 150;
            lvc.pszText  = TEXT("Any Good?");
            ListView_InsertColumn(hListView, 3, &lvc);
    
            /* Add some rows. */
            lv.iItem = 0;
            ListView_InsertItem(hListView, &lv);
            ListView_SetItemText(hListView, 0, 1, TEXT("Friends"));
            ListView_SetItemText(hListView, 0, 2, TEXT("500"));
            ListView_SetItemText(hListView, 0, 3, TEXT("Alright"));
            ListView_SetCheckState(hListView, 0, TRUE);
    
            lv.iItem = 1;
            ListView_InsertItem(hListView, &lv);
            ListView_SetItemText(hListView, 1, 1, TEXT("Survivor"));
            ListView_SetItemText(hListView, 1, 2, TEXT("970,000"));
            ListView_SetItemText(hListView, 1, 3, TEXT("Please, not again"));
            ListView_SetCheckState(hListView, 1, FALSE);
                        
            break;
        }
        case WM_DESTROY:
            PostQuitMessage(0);
            break;
        default:
            return DefWindowProc(hWnd,
                                 Message,
                                 wParam,
                                 lParam);
        }
        return 0;
    }
    Attached Images Attached Images  
    Last edited by anonytmouse; 12-18-2004 at 05:35 AM.

  5. #5
    Never Exist Hermitsky's Avatar
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    thanks , i will try this

    blow me ... ...

  6. #6
    train spotter
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    I like to use the LVS_EX_GRIDLINES style as well
    "Man alone suffers so excruciatingly in the world that he was compelled to invent laughter."
    Friedrich Nietzsche

    "I spent a lot of my money on booze, birds and fast cars......the rest I squandered."
    George Best

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    Winston Churchill

  7. #7
    Madly in anger with you
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Posts
    211
    I know this is an old post, but hey it beats starting a new one.

    I am just wondering what _WIN32_IE is in the posted code? :

    Code:
    #define _WIN32_IE 0x300
    thanks in advance!

    Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600 @ 2.40 GHz
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  8. #8
    and the hat of wrongness Salem's Avatar
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    So does reading the forum rules
    If you dance barefoot on the broken glass of undefined behaviour, you've got to expect the occasional cut.
    If at first you don't succeed, try writing your phone number on the exam paper.
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