Menus

This is a discussion on Menus within the Windows Programming forums, part of the Platform Specific Boards category; I am a bit confused about how you create these properly. I understand that you first call CreateMenu to create ...

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Feb 2002
    Posts
    73

    Unhappy Menus

    I am a bit confused about how you create these properly. I understand that you first call CreateMenu to create an empty menu bar. Next you use CreatePopupMenu to create an empty menu.

    What I am confused about is how you specify the text for the menu item using InsertMenuItem? Also, I am just plain confused about how InsertMenuItem works. I have read the documentation, but just seem to be missing something about it. I would really prefer to not to use old functions such as AppendMenu and InsertMenu.

    Can someone please point me in the right direction? I appologize for making my question so vague. Basically, I would like someone to please explain precisly how to use InsertMenuItem. Thank you very much for you time.

  2. #2
    Registered User sean345's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2002
    Posts
    346
    Here is how I did it in one of my programs:
    Code:
    void static CreateMenuSystem(HWND hwnd){
    	HMENU hMenu;
    	HMENU hSubMenu;
    	HMENU hSubSub;
    
    	hMenu = CreateMenu();
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&File");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FILE_NEW, "&New\tCtrl+N");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FILE_OPEN, "&Open...\tCtrl+O");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FILE_SAVE, "&Save\tCtrl+S");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FILE_SAVEAS, "Save &as...");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FILE_PRINT, "&Print\tCtrl+P");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FILE_EXIT, "E&xit\tCtrl+Q");
    
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&Edit");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EDIT_UNDO, "&Undo\tCtrl+Z");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EDIT_CUT, "Cu&t\tCtrl+X");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EDIT_COPY, "&Copy\tCtrl+C");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EDIT_PASTE, "&Paste\tCtrl+V");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EDIT_DEL, "&Delete\tDel");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EDIT_SEL, "Select &All\tCtrl+A");
    
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&Search");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_SEARCH_FIND, "&Find\tAlt+F3");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_SEARCH_NEXT, "Find &Next\tF3");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_SEARCH_REPLACE, "&Replace");
    	hSubSub = CreatePopupMenu();
    		AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubSub, "&Goto");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_SEARCH_TOP, "&Top\tCtrl+Home");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_SEARCH_END, "&End\tCtrl+End");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_SEARCH_LINE, "&Line\tCtrl+G");
    
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&Format");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FMAT_WRAP, "&Word Wrap");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_FMAT_FONT, "&Font");
    
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&Insert");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_INSERT_TD, "&Time/Date");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_INSERT_DT, "&Date/Time");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	hSubSub = CreatePopupMenu();
    		AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubSub, "&Html Scripts");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_FRAME, "&Frame Work");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_META, "&Meta Tags");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_LINK, "&Link Css");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_QUICK, "&Quick Link");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_MODIFIED, "Last M&odified");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_BROWSER, "&Browser in Use");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_CURRENT, "&Current URL");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_HIGHLIGHT, "&No Highlight");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_FONT, "&Text Font");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_IMAGE, "&Image");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_ORDERED, "Numb&ered List");
    		AppendMenu(hSubSub, MF_STRING, MENU_HTML_UNORDERED, "B&ulleted List");
    
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&Extras");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EXTRA_UPPER, "&Uppercase");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EXTRA_LOWER, "&Lowercase");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EXTRA_LINE, "&Line Count");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EXTRA_SIZE, "&Estimate Size");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_EXTRA_INSTANCE, "&New Instance");
    
    
    	hSubMenu = CreatePopupMenu();
    	AppendMenu(hMenu, MF_STRING | MF_POPUP, (UINT)hSubMenu, "&Help");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_HELP_TOPIC, "&Help Topics\tF1");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_HELP_SITE, "&Web Site");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, "");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_HELP_ABOUT, "&About");
    	AppendMenu(hSubMenu, MF_STRING, MENU_HELP_VERSION, "&Version");
    
    	SetMenu(hwnd, hMenu);
    }
    Hope that helps.

    - Sean
    If cities were built like software is built, the first woodpecker to come along would level civilization.
    Black Frog Studios

  3. #3
    train spotter
    Join Date
    Aug 2001
    Location
    near a computer
    Posts
    3,859
    First fill in the menu item info struct
    Code:
    ZeroMemory( &MenuItemInfo, sizeof(MENUITEMINFO)); //make sure all elements are empty
    MenuItemInfo.cbSize = sizeof(MENUITEMINFO);
    MenuItemInfo.wID = ID_MENU_ITEM; //item ID# for callback
    MenuItemInfo.fMask = MIIM_DATA |MIIM_ID |MIIM_TYPE  |MIIM_STATE; // elements we have filled in
    MenuItemInfo.fType = MFT_STRING; //is a text string 
    MenuItemInfo. dwTypeData = szMenuItemName; //the actual text string
    MenuItemInfo.cch = 64; // length of szMenuItemName
    MenuItemInfo.fState = MFS_ENABLED; //menu item is useable (not greyed out)
    MenuItemInfo.hSubMenu = NULL; //has no pop-up menu under it
    Now you must call InsertMenuItem() or SetMenuItem()

    InsertMenuItem( ) needs to be told if we are adding after an item or in a set numerical position (ie first item in menu)

    //as first item in menu
    InsertMenuItem(hMenu, 0 , TRUE, &MenuItemInfo);

    //as tenth item in menu
    InsertMenuItem(hMenu, 10 , TRUE, &MenuItemInfo);

    //as last item in menu
    iMenuItems = GetMenuItemCount( hMenu );
    InsertMenuItem(hMenu, iMenuItems , TRUE, &MenuItemInfo);

    //after an ID# ALREADY in the menu
    InsertMenuItem(hMenu, ID_LAST_MENU_ITEM , FALSE, &MenuItemInfo);

  4. #4
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Feb 2002
    Posts
    73
    Thank you both so much for your help!

Popular pages Recent additions subscribe to a feed

Similar Threads

  1. Win32 menus and resources help
    By firestorm in forum Windows Programming
    Replies: 24
    Last Post: 04-12-2005, 01:23 PM
  2. Creating pop up menus
    By Ti22 in forum C++ Programming
    Replies: 22
    Last Post: 01-18-2005, 08:27 PM
  3. help with menus example?
    By The Gweech in forum Windows Programming
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 03-30-2004, 03:41 PM
  4. Menu's
    By Benzakhar in forum Windows Programming
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 02-20-2004, 09:13 PM
  5. adding menus at runtime
    By bennyandthejets in forum Windows Programming
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 11-22-2002, 04:07 AM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21