Algo needed for 'Fit to page'

This is a discussion on Algo needed for 'Fit to page' within the Windows Programming forums, part of the Platform Specific Boards category; Hello Hi, sorry for just dropping in... Does anyone know how to calculate a 'Fit To Page' thing when printing. ...

  1. #1
    Unregged
    Guest

    Question Algo needed for 'Fit to page'

    Hello

    Hi, sorry for just dropping in... Does anyone know how to calculate a 'Fit To Page' thing when printing.

    I don't need no source. Just the basic equation would be great.

    TIA,
    Jim

  2. #2
    Registered User sean345's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2002
    Posts
    346
    Take a look at Petzold's Book Programming Windows. It has several ways of printing using Windows API.

    - Sean
    If cities were built like software is built, the first woodpecker to come along would level civilization.
    Black Frog Studios

  3. #3
    Unregged
    Guest

    Cool

    Sean,

    I know how to print.. and I read Petzold a long time ago. My problem is mathematics

    I do have the the widths and heights (let's call them

    bmp.x *** width of the bitmap
    bmp.y *** height of the bitmap
    pd.x *** width of the printer DC
    pd.y *** height of the printer DC

    I just need to figure out that if I take the longest side of the bitmap (ex: width) and set this side the same value as the printers width. how to calculate the propper porpotion of it's lenght for the printer. Considering that sometimes the bitmap needs to be shrinked and sometimes enlarged.

    Like saying the width of the bitmap (20000 pixels) == width of the printer (7000 pixels) So shrink it by 13000 pixels) Which is ??% of it. Considering this I need to shrink the height by the same amount of % to keep the propper porpotions.

    How do I do % calculations like this manually ? Using Divide, Substraction and Multiplication.

    Wish I had paid more attention in school that day

  4. #4
    Unregged
    Guest
    Forget it

    I just posted my answer myself... ( LOL )

    IF bmp.x > pd.x
    percentage.to.shrink = (bmp.x/100)*(bmp.x-pd.x)

    ELSE
    percentage.to.enlarge = (bmp.x/100)*(pd.x-bmp.x)

    ENDIF

  5. #5
    Unregged
    Guest

    Red face

    Here I post my 'pseudo code' in case someone ever needs 'Fit-To-Page' calculations... Of course this is mostly assumptions, but it looks pretty correct atm.

    Code:
    ///
    bmp.x == width of bitmap
    bmp.y == height of bitmap
    pd.x == pd.original.width == printerDC.width
    pd.y == pd.original.height == printerDC.height
    ///
    
    .IF bmp.x > bmp.y
    
       .IF bmp.x >= pd.x
          
          percentage.to.enlarge == (bmp.x/100) * (bmp.x - pd.x)
          pixels == (bmp.y/100)*percentage.to.enlarge)
          pd.y == bmp.y + pixels
    
       .ELSE
    
          percentage.to.shrink == (bmp.x/100) * (pd.x - bmp.x)
          pixels == (bmp.y/100)*percentage.to.shrink)
          pd.y == bmp.y - pixels
    
       .ENDIF
    ////at this point we can be sure that the width is fitting !
       .IF pd.y > pd.original.height
          percentage.to.shrink == (pd.original.height/100)*(pd.y-pd.original.height)
          pixels == (pd.y/100)*percentage.to.shrink
          pd.y == pd.y - pixels
          pixels == (pd.x/100)*percentage.to.shrink
          pd.x == pd.x - pixels
       .ENDIF
    
    
    .ELSE
    
       .IF bmp.y >= pd.y
    
          percentage.to.enlarge == (bmp.y/100) * (bmp.y - pd.y)
          pixels == (bmp.x/100)*percentage.to.enlarge)
          pd.x == bmp.x + pixels
    
       .ELSE
    
          percentage.to.shrink == (bmp.y/100) * (pd.y - bmp.y)
          pixels == (bmp.x/100)*percentage.to.shrink)
          pd.x == bmp.x - pixels
    
       .ENDIF
    
    ////at this point we can be sure that the height is fitting !
       .IF pd.x > pd.original.width
          percentage.to.shrink == (pd.original.width/100)*(pd.x - pd.originalwidth)
          pixels == (pd.x/100)*percentage.to.shrink
          pd.x == pd.x - pixels
          pixels == (pd.y/100)*percentage.to.shrink
          pd.y == pd.y - pixels
       .ENDIF
    
    
    .ENDIF
    If someone sees an error feel free to correct :-P

  6. #6
    train spotter
    Join Date
    Aug 2001
    Location
    near a computer
    Posts
    3,859
    Using StretchBlt() is slow and unlikely to give required results unless an integer multiplier is used.

    A better solution is to use Coordinate Space Transformations.

    Experiment with this code (will fail if iImageWidth or iImageHeight is greater than the client area)

    Code:
    SetGraphicsMode(hdc, GM_ADVANCED);//only works with WIN2000 (not for WIN98)
    SetMapMode(hdc,MM_ISOTROPIC);//preserve image ratio
    SetWindowExtEx   (hdc, iWidth, iHeight, NULL) ;//the arbitrary scale to use
    SetViewportExtEx (hdc, iActualWidth, iActualHeight, NULL) ;//the actual client area
    
    xForm.eM11 = (FLOAT) iRatio; //set the ratio to change image size
    xForm.eM12 = (FLOAT) 0.0; 
    xForm.eM21 = (FLOAT) 0.0; 
    xForm.eM22 = (FLOAT) iRatio; 
    xForm.eDx  = (FLOAT) 0.0; 
    xForm.eDy  = (FLOAT) 0.0; 
    
    SetWorldTransform(hdc, &xForm);
    
    //calc the margins (could fail here)
    Rect.left=((ClientRect.right-ClientRect.left)- iImageWidth)/2;
    Rect.top=((ClientRect.bottom-ClientRect.top)- iImageHeight)/2;
    Rect.right= Rect.left +iImageWidth;
    Rect.bottom= Rect.top+iImageHeight;
    	
    //convert to DC scale
    DPtoLP (hdc, &Rect, 2) ;
    
    //draw the rect to show image size
    hBrush=CreateSolidBrush(RGB(0,0,0));//black brush
    hSysBrush=SelectObject(hdc,hBrush);
    FrameRect(hdc,&Rect,hBrush);
    SelectObject(hdc,hSysBrush);
    DeleteObject(hBrush);
    "Man alone suffers so excruciatingly in the world that he was compelled to invent laughter."
    Friedrich Nietzsche

    "I spent a lot of my money on booze, birds and fast cars......the rest I squandered."
    George Best

    "If you are going through hell....keep going."
    Winston Churchill

  7. #7
    Unregged
    Guest
    Novacain,

    Thanks for the reply. But even tho that I developp this app for XP I try to keep it downwards compatible. (Also because I refuse to put anything else then 98SE on my developpment box :grin: )

    Actually I don't use StretchBlt but iPicture::Render for the job as I blend a JPG onto the PrintersDC but it's basically the same as StretchBlt.

    Anyway, I play around with your code for awhile and see how far I get

    Regards,
    Jim

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