Printing text to a number of pages

This is a discussion on Printing text to a number of pages within the Windows Programming forums, part of the Platform Specific Boards category; Hi, I'm trying to write a program to print some text on a page. I did some research and found ...

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2011
    Posts
    53

    Question Printing text to a number of pages

    Hi,

    I'm trying to write a program to print some text on a page. I did some research and found out how to achieve it basicly:

    Code:
    PRINTDLG pd;
    
    memset( &pd, 0, sizeof( pd ) );
    
    pd.lStructSize = sizeof( pd );
    
    pd.Flags = PD_RETURNDEFAULT | PD_RETURNDC;
    
    if( !PrintDlg( &pd ) )
    {
    MessageBox( NULL, "PrintDlg( &pd ) failed!", "Fatal Error", MB_OK ,MB_ICONERROR );
    return -1;
    }
    
    DOCINFO di;
    HDC hPrinter = pd.hDC;
    
    memset( &di, 0, sizeof( di ) );
    di.cbSize = sizeof( di );
    
    StartDoc( hPrinter, &di );
    
    StartPage( hPrinter );
    
    TextOut( hPrinter, 100, 100, "Hello, world", 12);
    
    EndPage( hPrinter );
    
    EndDoc( hPrinter );
    DeleteDC( hPrinter );
    However, i'm trying to print text written by the user, so i don't have any idea how much pages it will take. Obviously, i won't be able to use the StartPage-EndPage structure. So how can i make this work for variable amount of text?

  2. #2
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Jun 2009
    Posts
    87
    I found that the Windows printing stuff can get rather complicated specially when you deal with things like: headers, trailers, margins, handling of tabs, etc.. I suggest checking out Petzold's, "Programming Windows" book for an example on printing for some basics. In order to print on multiple pages you need to calculate the number of characters that will fit on a line and the number of lines of text (for a given font) that will fit on a page. All these variables are then handled/incremented via loop(s). I hope this helps.

  3. #3
    train spotter
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    The problem is that font size differs greatly on a printer DC and screen DC.

    The 2 ways to do this are with world transformations and basic math.

    Basic math uses DrawText() with DT_CALCRECT to find the required area, divide into pages and print.
    The size of the printer DC can be found with GetDeviceCaps() using HORZRES and VERTRES and the printer DC
    You can also use something like GetTextExtPoint32() to find the height of one line with a given font on the Printer DC. You then calc the number of pages based on the number of lines you have.
    This is harder as you have to know how many lines you have and the width of a string varies depending on the actual combination of letters the string contains.

    Another way is convert your print preview DC into the printer DC using scaling functions like SetViewportExtEx(), SetViewportOrgEx(), SetWindowOrgEx(), SetWindowExtEx() and SetWorldTransform().
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