Can I bind a UDP socket to a port, but send to any other port?

This is a discussion on Can I bind a UDP socket to a port, but send to any other port? within the Networking/Device Communication forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hi there, I'm working on an application that needs to send out UDP packets to arbitrary ports (could be sending ...

  1. #1
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    Can I bind a UDP socket to a port, but send to any other port?

    Hi there,

    I'm working on an application that needs to send out UDP packets to arbitrary ports (could be sending to anything from Port 1024 and up).

    Due to firewall configuration on the server, I need to actually bind the UDP socket to a particular port (in this case 8585) but be able to send out packets to any port.

    Is this possible? I'm getting errors, although the bind() on the UDP socket doesn't produce an error, so the machine appears happy with that.

    I am getting an error with the sendTo function whenever I call it.

    Just want to make sure I'm not going down a path which isn't possible.

    Many thanks!

  2. #2
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    Example code, and actual error messages might help.
    If you dance barefoot on the broken glass of undefined behaviour, you've got to expect the occasional cut.
    If at first you don't succeed, try writing your phone number on the exam paper.
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  3. #3
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    Sure, here's the code.

    The idea is a client connects via TCP, on port 8585, and sends up to 4 ports on which it wishes to receive UDP packets. The server collects these 4 ports, and then sends back a UDP datagram (just containing in int) to the IP address from where the TCP connection originated.

    It's failing at the sendTo() line.

    Many thanks.

    Code:
     
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <unistd.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <errno.h>
    #include <string.h>
    #include <time.h>
    #include <sys/types.h>
    #include <sys/socket.h>
    #include <netinet/in.h>
    #include <arpa/inet.h>
    #include <netdb.h>
    
    /*
     * This function reports the error and
     * exits back to the shell :
     */
    static void
    bail(const char *on_what) {
        if ( errno != 0 ) {
            fputs(strerror(errno),stderr);
            fputs(": ",stderr);
        }
        fputs(on_what,stderr);
        fputc('\n',stderr);
        exit(1);
    }
    
    int main(int argc,char **argv) {
        int z, i;
        char *srvr_addr = NULL;
        char *srvr_port = "8585";
        struct sockaddr_in adr_srvr;/* AF_INET */
        struct sockaddr_in adr_clnt;/* AF_INET */
        struct sockaddr_in adr_udp;
    
        int len_inet;               /* length  */
        int s;                       /* Socket */
        int c;                /* Client socket */
        int u;
        
        int handshake;    /* What we expect from clients */
        int ping = 5026;
    
            struct sockaddr_in adr_inet;   /* AF_INET */
            len_inet = sizeof adr_inet;
    
    
        /*
         * Use a server address from the command
         * line, if one has been provided.
         * Otherwise, this program will default
         * to using the arbitrary address
         * 127.0.0.1 :
         */
        if ( argc >= 2 ) {
            /* Addr on cmdline: */
            srvr_addr = argv[1];
        } else {
            /* Use default address: */
            srvr_addr = "127.0.0.1";
        }
    
        /*
         * If there is a second argument on the
         * command line, use it as the port # :
         */
        if ( argc >= 3 )
            srvr_port = argv[2];
    
        /*
         * Create a TDP/IP socket to use :
         */
        s = socket(PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);
        if ( s == -1 )
            bail("socket()");
    
        /*
         * Create a server socket address:
         */
        memset(&adr_srvr,0,sizeof adr_srvr);
        adr_srvr.sin_family = AF_INET;
        adr_srvr.sin_port = htons(atoi(srvr_port));
        if ( strcmp(srvr_addr,"*") != 0 ) {
            /* Normal Address */
            adr_srvr.sin_addr.s_addr =
                inet_addr(srvr_addr);
            if ( adr_srvr.sin_addr.s_addr
                 == INADDR_NONE )
                bail("bad address.");
        } else {
            /* Wild Address */
            adr_srvr.sin_addr.s_addr =
                INADDR_ANY;
        }
    
        /*
         * Bind the server address:
         */
        len_inet = sizeof adr_srvr;
        z = bind(s,(struct sockaddr *)&adr_srvr,
                len_inet);
        if ( z == -1 )
            bail("bind(2)");
    
        /*
         * Make it a listening socket:
         */
        z = listen(s,10);
        if ( z == -1 )
            bail("listen(2)");
    
        /* setup the UDP socket ready and bind it to 8585 */
                    u = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
    
                    if ( u == -1 ) {
                            bail("UDP socket() call failed to create");
                    } else {
                            printf("UDP socket created ping is %d \n", ping);
                    }
    
                    z = bind(u, (struct sockaddr *)&adr_srvr, len_inet);
    
                    if ( z == -1) {
                            bail ("UDP Bind socket bind()");
                    } else {
                            printf("UDP socket bound to port \n");
                    }
    
    
        /*
         * Start the server loop :
         */
        for (;;) {
            /*
             * Wait for a connect :
             */
            len_inet = sizeof adr_clnt;
            c = accept(s,
                (struct sockaddr *)&adr_clnt,
                &len_inet);
    
            if ( c == -1 )
                bail("accept(2)");
    
    	/* Get the peer IP address */
            z = getpeername(c, (struct sockaddr *)&adr_clnt, &len_inet);
    
            // IP of peer is now in "adr_inet.sin_addr"
            if ( z == -1 ) bail("Failed to get IP address of peer");
    
     	printf("Got request from IP address : %s\n", inet_ntoa(adr_clnt.sin_addr));
    
    	i = 0;
    
    	/* Read the handshake (port) ints and send back, max 4 */
    	while ( ((z = read(c,&handshake,sizeof(int))) != 0) && (i <=4)  ) {
    		i++;
    		printf("Client request number %d is for port : %d\n", i, handshake);
    		
    		/* Send a UDP packet to the requested port */
    
    		// Setup our header info for the UDP ping
     		memset(&adr_udp,0,sizeof adr_udp);
    	        adr_udp.sin_family = AF_INET;
            	adr_udp.sin_port = htons(handshake);
    
    	        // UDP packets get sent back to where the TCP request came from
    		adr_udp.sin_addr.s_addr = adr_clnt.sin_addr.s_addr;
            
    	        if ( adr_udp.sin_addr.s_addr == INADDR_NONE ) {
            		bail("bad address.");
          	  	}
            
    	        len_inet = sizeof adr_udp;
    
    	        // Established a socket, let's send the PING
            	z = sendto(u,   /* Socket to send result */
    	       	     &ping, /* The datagram result to snd */
            	    sizeof ping, /* The datagram lngth */
    	            0,              /* Flags: no options */
                	(struct sockaddr *)&adr_udp,/* addr */
                	len_inet);  /* Server address length */
    
    	        if ( z < 0 ) {
            		bail("Failed to send UDP");
    		}
    
    	}
    
    
            /*
             * Close this client's connection:
             */
            close(c);
        }
    
        /* Control never gets here */
        return 0;
    }

  4. #4
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    Apr 2008
    Posts
    395
    you bind() a socket to force the reception port to a given value, it doesn't prevent from sending to any other peer you wish...so yes you can bind() to anything you want* and still send to anything you want*.

    I did not check you code, but this is most probably unrelated...

    *under the usual privileges and range constraints.

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