Trying to wrap my brain around generics...

This is a discussion on Trying to wrap my brain around generics... within the C# Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; At least, I think that's what I think I want to wrap my head around ;-) Brief problem statement: How ...

  1. #1
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    Apr 2010
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    Trying to wrap my brain around generics...

    At least, I think that's what I think I want to wrap my head around ;-)

    Brief problem statement: How can I write a method signature in a base class that returns a different type depending on the base class? In other words, I want all subclasses to have this method and return something, but what they return might be an int, float, etc. depending on the subclass.

    More detailed:
    I am writing some classes to talk to a SQL database. I'm desperately trying to avoid "one class per table" because there are lots of tables. There's only four possible data types (int, float, datetime, string), so I thought I'd do this:

    • Define a base class called DBType:
      • String columnName
      • setValue() that would be overloaded
      • int maxLength (for Strings)
      • toSql() function that would return the appropriate value for a Parameter.Add() binding statement. i.e., it'd return an int, float, DateTime, or String depending on the subclass
      • functions like insert(), update(), and delete(), or perhaps Save() (upsert) and Remove() (delete) - you get the basic idea
    • Write four classes that extend this (DBT_Integer, DBT_Float, etc.). They would have constructors that would take care of additional specific defaults (string can only be so long, validation of date ranges, etc.)


    Here's the problem, though...how do I write toSql() in the base class? What I'd like it to do is say "I'm going to return a value, but it could be an int, float, DateTime, or String. You won't really care because you'll call it like this: Parameter.Add("id",something.toSql()).

    Or perhaps I've gone into some OOP design rabbithole and need to rethink things...

    BTW, using an object database (like db4o or something) is not really an option in this case.

  2. #2
    Sweet
    Join Date
    Aug 2002
    Location
    Tucson, Arizona
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    1,801
    I am thinking you want something like this?
    Code:
        public class GenericClass<T>
        {
            public virtual T ReturnValue()
            {
                return default(T);
            }
        }
    
        public class IntClass : GenericClass<int>
        {
            public override int ReturnValue()
            {
                return 10;
            }
        }
    Woop?

  3. #3
    Registered User
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    why not just try LINQ to SQL or the Entity Framework? it does all this for you.

  4. #4
    Anti-Poster
    Join Date
    Feb 2002
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    1,399
    Why not just return object and call AddWithValue instead?
    If I did your homework for you, then you might pass your class without learning how to write a program like this. Then you might graduate and get your degree without learning how to write a program like this. You might become a professional programmer without knowing how to write a program like this. Someday you might work on a project with me without knowing how to write a program like this. Then I would have to do you serious bodily harm. - Jack Klein

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