Template Typedef how to?

This is a discussion on Template Typedef how to? within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Ok I have a header file that was given to us by the instructor. He told us to make it ...

  1. #1
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    Template Typedef how to?

    Ok I have a header file that was given to us by the instructor. He told us to make it a template and then make a little prog to test it....

    He uses a "typedef" to define the element type that is passed through the prog, how to I make it into a template so that it will change from "int" to "Float" what ever I want to pass through this prog.

    here is the Templated Header file as I have it right now...

    Code:
    // TEMPLATE LIST HEADER FILE
    #ifndef _LIST
    #define _LIST
    const int CAPACITY = 100;
    
    template <class T>  T ElementType; //I know this doesnt work
    //typedef std::map<std::string, T> ElementType;  I found this on a web page
    //  but I cant figure out how they use it to get around templating a typedef
    
    template <class T> class List
    {
    
     public:
     
       // constructors
        List();                              // def constructor
        List(const List  &l);                // copy constructor
     
       // public member functions
    
        int get_size() const;  // returns logical size of array
    
        List  &operator = (const List &l);    // assign arrays
    
        ElementType  &operator[](int index);  
        // returns element index of array can extract ith element and
        // assign ith element. Index must be valid
    
        void sort();
    
        bool  append(const ElementType  &tem);
        // Appends element to end returns true if successful
        // otherwise false
    
        bool insert(const ElementType &item, int pos);
        // inserts item at pos, if pos is valid. returns true if LIst is
        // not full and pos is valid, otherwise false
    
        bool erase(int pos);
        // if pos >= 0 and pos < current_size item as position pos
        // is removed from the array.
    
        bool empty() const;
        // tests to see if List is empty
    
        void traverse(void process(const ElementType & item));
        // discussed in class
     protected:
        ElementType  data[CAPACITY];
        int current_size;
    };
    #endif
    the error I get is this
    Code:
    In file included from List.cpp:2:
    List.h:6: error: template declaration of `T ElementType'
    I believe that is sayig I cant template a typedef, If I am wrong pls tell me how to make this statement work..I believe that this is all that is holding my prog from working and I cannot find anything in the book as it is pretty worthless (so says my proffessor)...

    Thanks in advance

  2. #2
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    Just place the typedef within the class declaration.
    Code:
    template<class T> class List
    {
        public:
            typedef T ElementType;
             // rest of stuff
    };
    Then List<int>::ElementType will be a typedef for int.

    One comment, related to use of templates but not the question you've asked. One other little characteristic of template classes is that (unless you use compiler specific hacks) it is necessary to include the definitions (i.e. the bodies) of the member function within the header files. Separate compilation works differently with templates.

  3. #3
    (?<!re)tired Mario F.'s Avatar
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    The typedef definition is ok. But you are placing it in the wrong spot.

    Outside of the template definition, T is not declared. The compiler doesn't know what it is. You have to place it inside the templated class at a point where it is declared before it is being used (typically these typedefs come at the top of the class:

    Code:
    template <class T> class List
    {
     private: // or protected?
       typedef std::map<std::string, T> ElementType;
     public:
     
       // constructors
    
    /* ... The rest of your class definition ... */
    The programmer’s wife tells him: “Run to the store and pick up a loaf of bread. If they have eggs, get a dozen.”
    The programmer comes home with 12 loaves of bread.


    Originally Posted by brewbuck:
    Reimplementing a large system in another language to get a 25% performance boost is nonsense. It would be cheaper to just get a computer which is 25% faster.

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