Two-dimensional array Sales

This is a discussion on Two-dimensional array Sales within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hello, Everyone: I'm writing a programing using a two-dimensional array to solve the following problem. A company has four salespeople ...

  1. #1
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    Two-dimensional array Sales

    Hello, Everyone:

    I'm writing a programing using a two-dimensional array to solve the following problem. A company has four salespeople (1 to 4) who sell five different products (1 to 5). Once a day, each salesperson passes in a slip for each different type of product sold. Each slip contains the following:
    a. The salesperson number
    b. The product number
    c. The total dollar value of that product sold that day.

    Thus, each salesperson passes in between 0 and 5 sales slips per day. Assume that the information from all of the slips for last month is available. Write a program that will read all this information for last month’s sales and summarize the total sales by salesperson by product. All totals should be stored in the two-dimensional array sales. After processing all the information for last month, print the results in tabular format with each of the columns representing a particular salesperson and each of the rows representing a particular product. Cross total each row to get the total sales by salesperson for the last month. Your tabular printout should include these cross totals to the right of totaled rows and to the bottom of the totaled columns.

    Here is my code:

    Code:
    #include<iostream>
    #include<iomanip>
    #include<fstream>
    using namespace std;
    
    void instruct (void);
    
    int main ()
    {
       const int EMPLOYEE = 5, PRODUCTS = 6;
       double sales[ EMPLOYEE ][ PRODUCTS ] = { 0.0 }, value,
              totalSales, productSales[ PRODUCTS ] = { 0.0 },
              grandTotal = 0;
       int salesPerson, product;
       ifstream inDataFile ("A:/datafile.txt", ios::in );
    
       instruct ();
    {
            if ( !inDataFile ) {
                    cerr << "File could not be opened\n";
                    exit( 1 );
            }
       cout << "\t  ***************** Reading Data From File *********"
            << "*******";
       inDataFile >> salesPerson;
       while ( salesPerson != -1 ) {
       inDataFile  >> product;
       inDataFile >> value;
                  sales[ salesPerson ][ product ] += value;
       inDataFile >> salesPerson;
       }
    
         cout << "\n\t  The total sales for each sales person "
              << "are displayed\n\t  at the end of each row,"
              << "and the total sales for each\n\t  product "
              << "are displayed at the bottom of each column.\n"
                      << "-----------------------------------------------------"
                      << "--------------------------\n\n\n"
                      << "Sales |\t<---------------------- Products -----------"
                      << "---------->\n"
                      << "Person|\n"
                      << "_____________________________________________________"
                      << "__________________________\n"
              << setw( 10 ) << 1 << setw( 13 ) << 2
              << setw( 13 ) << 3 << setw( 13 ) << 4
              << setw( 13 ) << 5 << setw( 16 ) << "Total\n"
                      << "_____________________________________________________"
                      << "__________________________\n\n"
              << setiosflags( ios::fixed | ios::showpoint );
            
       for ( int i = 1; i < EMPLOYEE; ++i ) {
          totalSales = 0.0;
          cout << i;
          for ( int j = 1; j < PRODUCTS; ++j ) {
             totalSales += sales[ i ][ j ];
             cout << setw( 13 ) << setprecision( 2 )
                  << sales[ i ][ j ];   
             productSales[ j ] += sales[ i ][ j ];
          }
                      
          cout << setw( 13 ) << setprecision( 2 )  
               << totalSales << '\n';
       }
       cout << "\n_____________________________________________________"
            << "__________________________\n"
            << setw( 80 ) << " Grand Total\n"
            << setw( 80 ) << "-----------\n";
       cout << "Total " << setw( 6 ) << setprecision( 2 )
            << productSales[ 1 ];
          
       for ( int j = 2; j < PRODUCTS; ++j )
          cout << setw( 13 ) << setprecision( 2 )
               << productSales[ j ];
                    for ( int j = 0; j < PRODUCTS; ++j)
                grandTotal += productSales[j];
                     cout << setw( 13 ) << grandTotal
                              << "\n" << endl;
                      
    }
               
    return 0;
    }
            
    void instruct (void)
    {
         // Declaration section
         cout << "This program will access the sales data information for last "
              << "months sales by\neach salesperson. This information is contained in "
              << "the disk file datafile.txt.\nThe program will then take the data and "
              << "compute the total sales by salesperson\nfor last month, and the total "
              << "sales of each product during the last month and\ndisplay the results "
              << "on the screen.\n"
              << "\n_____________________________________________________"
              << "__________________________\n"
              << endl;
        // Executable section
    }
    I created a datafile.txt, so the program can read it.
    Code:
    2  3  86
    3  5  1411
    1  5  179
    3  3  1069
    2  3  381
    1  3  2234
    3  1  1358
    1  1  415
    4  4  2115
    2  2  2260
    1  4  606
    4  1  1237
    1  5  1381
    3  3  1599
    2  2  1480
    2  4  2194
    1  3  1323
    4  3  2149
    3  2  563
    2  2  302
    4  3  1006
    4  2  1622
    1  4  1688
    3  4  46
    3  1  623
    1  3  1066
    2  1  217
    4  5  1985
    1  3  2425
    3  2  1261
    1  5  2386
    2  4  1293
    1  5  959
    2  3  2391
    3  1  1091
    1  4  733
    1  3  1039
    3  2  756
    3  5  2341
    1  4  1599
    2  3  1720
    2  2  1203
    4  2  707
    4  4  2121
    4  3  2109
    1  2  369
    3  2  1444
    3  5  834
    3  3  472
    4  4  654
    3  1  1219
    2  2  2368
    3  5  795
    4  2  1202
    4  1  1402
    3  2  1179
    3  2  1
    4  1  1909
    1  2  127
    4  1  2359
    2  3  917
    1  5  1388
    1  4  461
    4  4  1617
    4  5  1330
    2  4  684
    2  1  916
    3  1  2481
    1  3  1999
    1  1  33
    3  2  682
    1  3  2468
    1  1  1812
    1  1  831
    3  4  1741
    4  5  1903
    2  4  286
    3  1  94
    4  4  1285
    4  3  1553
    4  2  643
    4  1  1762
    2  1  1850
    4  2  688
    1  2  886
    4  3  2441
    3  4  118
    1  4  2206
    1  1  1583
    2  4  997
    4  4  1162
    4  1  155
    2  5  371
    2  4  44
    1  2  2195
    2  5  1144
    4  5  306
    2  4  1191
    3  5  966
    1  2  1829
    1  2  2153
    3  2  1864
    4  4  82
    3  4  1085
    4  5  2061
    2  4  1046
    3  3  2105
    4  2  2326
    1  4  702
    2  3  2326
    2  1  865
    3  2  2336
    1  2  1542
    3  5  2276
    4  3  2496
    4  4  710
    2  4  2145
    1  1  1463
    1  1  839
    3  2  752
    1  3  2123
    2  4  2290
    1  3  1242
    4  4  2299
    1  2  173
    3  1  714
    1  4  1382
    2  4  383
    3  5  1408
    3  1  1117
    3  1  1341
    2  5  1881
    3  2  1801
    1  5  1910
    1  4  1378
    3  2  1019
    4  2  1825
    4  5  75
    3  1  377
    4  2  981
    3  3  1755
    2  4  2461
    4  2  2054
    4  1  2474
    4  3  2206
    4  2  1059
    2  4  1330
    3  4  169
    3  2  756
    2  2  843
    2  4  1357
    2  1  1074
    4  3  1251
    2  5  997
    1  1  75
    1  1  822
    3  2  90
    2  3  942
    2  2  368
    3  5  2156
    2  3  940
    3  4  1110
    1  4  1906
    1  4  636
    2  2  2059
    3  5  1511
    4  5  1260
    2  2  767
    4  1  2303
    1  3  783
    3  5  754
    1  4  2086
    4  4  381
    1  5  1434
    2  2  1963
    2  1  2336
    3  1  1532
    1  2  1421
    2  5  472
    4  1  382
    2  5  178
    1  1  641
    1  2  1234
    4  1  2422
    4  2  66
    1  4  729
    2  4  581
    3  2  1472
    2  2  811
    2  3  1189
    1  2  931
    4  1  296
    2  1  1121
    3  3  1516
    4  1  2032
    1  5  151
    3  3  249
    3  2  877
    3  5  2451
    3  4  1136
    2  4  184
    3  3  563
    4  4  970
    3  5  2142
    4  4  518
    3  2  1980
    2  5  1029
    1  4  2207
    3  5  1816
    4  5  203
    1  1  1153
    4  1  2053
    1  4  738
    1  5  1332
    1  1  953
    4  1  829
    2  4  1543
    2  1  1284
    2  3  1336
    3  4  2186
    3  1  1155
    1  3  1188
    2  3  753
    3  1  1463
    2  2  1560
    4  5  456
    2  4  2498
    4  4  1750
    4  5  900
    1  2  2212
    1  2  395
    1  3  1323
    3  1  2149
    3  1  371
    1  3  1494
    4  1  412
    2  1  1335
    4  1  407
    1  5  2376
    4  4  2394
    2  2  30
    1  3  271
    1  1  1247
    1  1  472
    1  3  1507
    4  4  367
    3  5  2366
    4  5  1592
    1  3  1365
    2  3  97
    1  1  2499
    3  5  368
    3  5  957
    3  4  579
    4  5  1010
    4  1  1502
    3  5  84
    2  5  1931
    1  1  1376
    3  4  853
    -1
    However, when I compile the program, it says that "File could not be opened"

    Code:
    g++ salesperson.cpp
    a.out
    This program will access the sales data information for last months sales by
    each salesperson. This information is contained in the disk file datafile.txt.
    The program will then take the data and compute the total sales by salesperson
    for last month, and the total sales of each product during the last month and
    display the results on the screen.
    
    _______________________________________________________________________________
    
    File could not be opened
    I understand it seems too long to read but I really need to know how I can make the program read the datafile.txt, so the program can display the results I want. Please someone help me.
    I will greatly appreciate.

  2. #2
    Registered User major_small's Avatar
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    ...why do I get the feeling that you didn't write this program?

    oh wait, maybe it's because you don't understand YOUR OWN DAMN ERROR MESSAGE.

    where is the file you're trying to read from?
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    I just want to know my errors, its my professor's programming. The homework is to figure out a way to put the datafile.txt so the computer can read it

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    please don't offend me major_small, I'm just looking for help not looking for someone to judge me

  5. #5
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    what exactly "salesPerson" get from the data file. It seems like the "salesPerson" gets the data once but it doesn't make any sense when look into the text file. And i really don't understand this lines of code:
    Code:
    int main ()
    {
       const int EMPLOYEE = 5, PRODUCTS = 6;
       double sales[ EMPLOYEE ][ PRODUCTS ] = { 0.0 }, value,
              totalSales, productSales[ PRODUCTS ] = { 0.0 },
              grandTotal = 0;
       int salesPerson, product;
       ifstream inDataFile ("A:/datafile.txt", ios::in );
    
       instruct ();       
    {              <---------why this bracket starts right here.
            if ( !inDataFile ) {
                    cerr << "File could not be opened\n";
                    exit( 1 );
            }
       cout << "\t  ***************** Reading Data From File *********"
            << "*******";
       inDataFile >> salesPerson;
       while ( salesPerson != -1 ) {
       inDataFile  >> product;
       inDataFile >> value;
                  sales[ salesPerson ][ product ] += value;
       inDataFile >> salesPerson;
       }
    Hello, testing testing. Everthing is running perfectly...for now

  6. #6
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    hdragon, thank you for your time.

    The reason I putted the bracket is because I could separate between the two conditions, the one to say "file not found" in case the program doesn't find the datafile.txt and the inDataFile. However, my confusion is there because I am really not sure how can I state the program to read the datafile.txt the professor gave in class in order to function the program. How can I simply or state to the program to read datafile.txt

  7. #7
    Registered User major_small's Avatar
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    first off, you need to know where your data file is. The error you're getting is an error the professor put in there. He put in a check to make sure you opened the file, possibly knowing that it would fail. You have to search his code to find the error.

    to cut to the chase, change this line:
    Code:
       ifstream inDataFile ("A:/datafile.txt", ios::in );
    so that the address in the quotes points to the data file.
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  8. #8
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    Quote Originally Posted by major_small
    first off, you need to know where your data file is. The error you're getting is an error the professor put in there. He put in a check to make sure you opened the file, possibly knowing that it would fail. You have to search his code to find the error.

    to cut to the chase, change this line:
    Code:
       ifstream inDataFile ("A:/datafile.txt", ios::in );
    so that the address in the quotes points to the data file.
    Yes, I got the error. Sorry for my frustration;
    I droped A:
    He might purposely put that so students couldn't find a simple error in a big program. Thanks a million!

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