Applications For C++

This is a discussion on Applications For C++ within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; I'm well aware of many of the goodies you can create in C++, from console apps, to Win32 programs, to ...

  1. #1
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    Applications For C++

    I'm well aware of many of the goodies you can create in C++, from console apps, to Win32 programs, to OpenGL animations and games...But since I'm not exactly a Win32 wiz-kid, and I don't work with OpenGL too much...what kind of useful programs could I create?

    I mean, you've got your silly little Celsius-to-Farenheit converter programs, but then you also have cool-ass little console programs that read data off disks and can even perform some lower-level tasks and such.

    At any rate, reading through some code on a few sites made me realize that I suck terribly at applying C++ to useful things. Can anyone perhaps point me in the direction of any lovely links that might show me some clever ways to apply C++ and such?

    Oh, and....how are pointers to functions useful, too?

  2. #2
    Registered User major_small's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Krak
    I mean, you've got your silly little Celsius-to-Farenheit converter programs
    tell that to NASA and watch yourself walk out of an interview witout a job
    Quote Originally Posted by Krak
    but then you also have cool-ass little console programs that read data off disks
    look into the <fstream> header
    Quote Originally Posted by Krak
    can even perform some lower-level tasks and such.
    ask some of the old-timers - a good amount of them have created operating systems, but you'll need to know a little assembly
    Quote Originally Posted by Krak
    Oh, and....how are pointers to functions useful, too?
    you may want to get past this before you try understanding more complex code...
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    Wink Most of us just enjoy the programming...

    Hmmm...

    Well, the sad truth is that until you become a whiz-kid, you won't be able to do much useful. Sometimes you'll have a unique idea for something that's particularly interesting to you… something related to another hobby, etc. But, most of us just enjoy the programming, even though someone else has done it before… probably better! I'm a "do-it-yourselfer." I build stuff with wood, I build circuits, etc. I even work on my own car... sometimes.

    Most commercial programs are written by more than one programmer. Some projects are just too big. I’m pretty sure that there’s over 1000 man-years of programming time in MS Office!!! And, no programmer is expert in every area. So, one person might head-up the user interface, another the drivers, etc.

    On the other hand, lots of shareware programs are written by one-person. And, if your car has computers under the hood, there’s a good chance that each computer is running a “little” program written by one programmer.

    Oh, and....how are pointers to functions useful, too?
    Search the board... it's a common question. The most common use of pointers is to get-around the fact that a function can only return one variable. So if you want your function to affect more than one variable, you can use pointers. Most books will show a "swap" function (where the values of two variables are excanged) to introduce pointers. With C-style strings, you use a pointer to the string so your function can "get to" all the characters in the string. Actually, in C++ you can usually use a reference instead of a pointer.

  4. #4
    Carnivore ('-'v) Hunter2's Avatar
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    >> Oh, and....how are pointers to functions useful, too?
    I think he's talking about function pointers, dougdbug

    Function pointers are nice if you want to avoid a bunch of branching statements, i.e.:
    Code:
    //Very annoying:
    switch(state)
    {
    case INIT_STATE:
       doFunction1();
       break;
    case RUN_STATE_1:
       doFunction2();
       break;
    case RUN_STATE_2:
       doFunction3();
       break;
     //etc..
    }
    
    void doFunction1()
    {
       //do something
       state = RUN_STATE_1;
    }
    You can replace this with:
    Code:
    void (*stateFunction)(void);  //declared somewhere, modified by various functions
    stateFunction = &doFunction1;
    
    stateFunction();
    
    -----
    
    void doFunction1()
    {
       //do something
       stateFunction = &doFunction2;
    }
    In this example you'll improve efficiency too, because you'll have eliminated a branching statement. Of course I rarely do something like this, but it's something you can do. Another example is callback routines - you might want to specify, when something happens you want a certain function to be called. Well, you'd just set a function pointer to the function you want, and the function you specified would be called when that something happens. This is especially useful for applications like scripting engines:

    Code:
    typedef void (*funcPtr)();
    map<string, funcPtr> funcMap;
    funcMap["attack"] = &attack;
    funcMap["jump"] = &jump;
    
    ...
    
    string cmd;
    getline(cin, cmd);
    map<string, funcPtr>::iterator it = funcMap.find(cmd);
    if(it != funcMap.end())
      (it->second)();
    Something along those lines.
    Just Google It. √

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  5. #5
    Toaster Zach L.'s Avatar
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    About the function pointers: It tries to get around the fact that functions are not treated as first class objects in C++. I very ocassionally use them for callback functions, but I much prefer functors (function objects) to function pointers.
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    Just a suggestion, if it interests you you can get into Encryption methods with console apps. (That's what i do and it interests me) so just find what you wanna do and do lots of research on the topic and learn as best you can!

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