copy constructor

This is a discussion on copy constructor within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; what is the purpose or when are we actually going to need a copy constructor? i know that a copy ...

  1. #1
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    copy constructor

    what is the purpose or when are we actually going to need a copy constructor? i know that a copy constructor is used when you want to copy an entire object. but when would you actually need to do this? wouldnt a normal constructor be enough?

  2. #2
    SleepWalker tjohnsson's Avatar
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    it's useful ie.
    to send object clone to operation which can destroy it's orginal contents / state on error
    so you don't lose orginal object.... or something....

  3. #3
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    I don't know if I'm right but it can be used like this:
    Code:
    myClass X ;
    // some code here
    myClass Y = X ;
    // same as myClass Y( X ) ;

  4. #4
    Useless Apprentice ryan_germain's Avatar
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    you define a copy constructor when you have pointers in your class...the default copy constructor c++ will give you will copy the address of the of whatever is being pointed and not the value...so all the changes to the new object will affect the old (they will become aliases)

    i think a copy constructer is called in three circumstances (implicitly)...one i think is when you return an object
    There is not the slightest indication that [nuclear energy] will ever be obtainable. It would mean that the atom would have to be shattered at will.

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  5. #5
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    I was working on an exercise last night that used a copy constructor. Here is the copy constructor

    Code:
    // Copy constructor
    String::String( const String &copy ) : length( copy.length )
    {
       setString( copy.sPtr ); // call utility function
    }
    I was thinking why do we need the copy constructor, like yourself. As part of the exercise I had to overload the addition operator +. As the two operands had to remain unchanged then I had to use a temporary object to store the left hand operator. The copy constructor came in to play as you will see...

    Code:
    // Overload + operator; concatenates right operand to this object 
    // without modifying the arguments
    String String::operator+( const String &right) const
    { 
        String temp(*this);  	// copies left String to temp
        
        temp += right;		// concatenates right String to temp
        
        return String(temp);	// returns copy of temp
    }
    An example of use of a copy constructor..
    Last edited by bigtamscot; 08-20-2004 at 02:49 PM.
    hoping to be certified (programming in c)
    here's the news - I'm officially certified.

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