set string array equal variable

This is a discussion on set string array equal variable within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; I'm new to arrays, can anyone help explain my fault... Other than my lack of knowledge I declare an array ...

  1. #1
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    Question set string array equal variable

    I'm new to arrays, can anyone help explain my fault... Other than my lack of knowledge

    I declare an array of strings:
    Code:
    char stations [20] [11];
    then I try to set an element of the array determined by the value of a variable ->count to equal another variable -> partnerId.
    Code:
    //determine recType and populate array if necessary
    		if (recType == 'p' || recType == 'P')
    		{
    			count = stationId; //set count equal to stationId
    			stations [count]== partnerId; //set element equal to partnerId
    			cout <<stations[count]<<endl; //display the element just set
    		}
    Every things seems to work fine, but my output on screen is nothing but garble. Can someone tell me what I am doing wrong?

    thanks as always for the help-

  2. #2
    C++ Developer XSquared's Avatar
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    A) You're using a comparison operator for assignment.
    B) You need to use strcpy() to copy the string from partnerID to stations. You can't use the assignment operator to copy strings.
    Code:
    strcpy( stations[count], partnerId );
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  3. #3
    VA National Guard The Brain's Avatar
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    Lightbulb Array Insight

    Hi

    I happen to love arrays.. they are my favorite type of data structure.

    Well.. it looks like you have successfully declared a 'multi-dimensional' character array.. 20 elements by 11 elements.

    A typical problem with arrays are "off by one" errors when cycling through a FOR loop... which leads to accessing one element outside the bounds of the array... which can lead to garbage.

    Please supply more code.. include any associated FOR loops.
    Last edited by The Brain; 06-29-2004 at 05:48 PM.
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  4. #4
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    xsquared, that worked perfectly, I see your point, that makes sense with the error message I got using a single = earlier. Thanks soooooo much.

    Brain, thanks for you enthusiasm and you have already saved me a question later...

    I appreciate everyones help this site rocks!

    Thanks

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