Programming assignment help!

This is a discussion on Programming assignment help! within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hello... this is only my second time posting on these boards and yet I am asking for help again. I ...

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2003
    Posts
    24

    Question Programming assignment help!

    Hello... this is only my second time posting on these boards and yet I am asking for help again. I have an assignment I am working on that is supposed to be getting us used to writing functions. I am in my first C++ class so everything to this point is really basic. I am not asking for someone to write this program for me, but only point out the errors I am making with writing my functions and calling them. I keep getting errors about changing "double" type and so forth.
    My assignment: in short I am supposed to use already given data to determine the total cost to produce several open-top cylindrical containers. I have to ask the user to input the dimensions and the cost per inch of the material being used, and in return output the surface are for the container and the cost of materials for the container in dollars, all formatted to 2 decimal places. I am also required to ask if they want to input another container and at the very end, display the total cost for all the cylinders entered. I am not sure how to put that into my program... not sure if I need to make some kind of loop with a counter and keep track of the sum or what. So any help there would be appreciated as well! My biggest problem is getting the function that does all the computations to work. Sorry to make such a long post but I am going to add in my entire program... its kinda sloppy right now... still just trying to get it to work... but I would really appreciate any help I could get with this! Thank you in advance for your time! =)

    Code:
    #include <iostream.h>
    #include <math.h>
    #include <iomanip.h>
    
    //Function Prototype
    void program ();
    
    double surface(double, double);
    
    //Main function
    
    int main()
    {
    	//Variable Declarations
    	int cyl_count;
    	double radius;
    	double height;
    	double volume;
    	double cost;
    	double cyl_cost;
    	char another = 'Y';
    	
    	//Obtain data from the user
    	
    	while (another == 'Y')
    	{
    	void program ();
    	cout<<"Enter the radius of the base in inches: "<<endl;
    	cin>>radius;
    	cout<<"Enter the height of the container in inches: "<<endl;
    	cin>>height;
    	cout<<"Enter the cost per square inch of the material being used in dollars: "<<endl;
    	cin>>cost;
    	cout<<"\nTotal surface area for this container is: "<<setprecision(2)
    		<<setiosflags(ios::fixed | ios:: showpoint)<<surface<<endl;
    	cyl_cost = cost * surface;
    	cout<<"\nThe cost of the materials for this container is: "<<setprecision(2)
    		<<setiosflags(ios::fixed | ios:: showpoint)<<"$"<<cyl_cost<<endl;
    	cout<<"\nAre there any additional containters to process? Enter Y for yes. "<<endl;
    	cin>>another;
    	cyl_count = 
    	}
    
    	return 0;
    }
    
    	
    	//Output program description
    
    	void program()
    	{
    		cout<<"This program will determine the cost to produce open-top cylindrical containers."<<endl;
    
    		return;
    	}
    
    	//Computations
    
    	double surface(double radius, double height)
    	{
    		double base_area;
    		double surface_area;
    		double circumference;
    		double total_surface_area;
    		const double PI = 3.14159265;
    
    		base_area = PI * pow(radius, 2);
    		
    		circumference = 2 * PI * radius;
    		
    		surface_area = circumference * height;
    		
    		total_surface_area = base_area + surface_area;
    
    		return surface;
    	}

    GrlNewB

  2. #2
    Funniest man in this seat minesweeper's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2002
    Posts
    801
    Ok, from what I can make out, you are having trouble with the use of functions. Namely your surface() function.

    First off the return value. I assume you want to return the base area + the surface area right? So instead of

    Code:
    return surface;
    you do

    Code:
    return base_area + surface_area;
    Also, when you call the function in main() you are not supplying any arguments.

    You just write

    Code:
    surface
    However your function needs 2 arguments, radius and height. So you need to give it these values when you call it as follows

    Code:
    surface (radius, height)
    Now in order to keep a running total of the cost of all your cylinders you could do with a variable named total_cost. You are correctly (well apart from the incorrect function call as explained earlier) calculating the cost of each cylinder on each loop. Once this is calculated, using:

    Code:
    total_cost += cyl_cost;
    will make total_cost a running total of your complete cost.

    Also, you have this

    Code:
    cyl_count =
    This isn't doing anything, in fact it shouldn't compile. If you want to increment it for each cylinder. Change it to,

    Code:
    cyl_count++;
    Hope this helps.
    Last edited by minesweeper; 03-13-2003 at 05:21 PM.

  3. #3
    Hardware Engineer
    Join Date
    Sep 2001
    Posts
    1,398

    Not a bad start...

    This is an incomplete answer... I'm not at my compiler...

    void program (); - When you put this inside main, you leave out the return type (void), and you place it in the sequence where you "call" it.

    // Get user input
    program(); // Go to program() function and do it!
    // Show results
    // Ask to loop

    And... Your function needs a return type... you want it to return a cost or something, you don't want void in this case. And, you need parameters... something like...

    // Function prototype
    float program(float Area, float CostPerInch)

    // Call program() function
    Cost = program(Area, CostPerInch);

    Remember variable "scope". The variables aren't avaliable inside your function unless they are passed-in as paramaters (arguements?) You can define local variables inside the function, PI for example. And, you could ask for user input inside the function... if that's what you wanted to do.


    Start "small". Write the body of your main program first, compile and test it, then add a little and repeat. This makes it much easier to locate errors. You can also write "empty" functions to test compile.

    [EDIT]
    A function is (sort-of) like a detour. Go over there and do something. Then, come back here continue... maybe take some numbers with you, and maybe bring one number back. Now, just so I don't get flamed... Later, you'll learn that sometimes these "numbers" may be references or pointers.
    Last edited by DougDbug; 03-13-2003 at 05:56 PM.

  4. #4
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2003
    Posts
    24

    Thank you...

    Wow... thank you both for your relpy's! I am going to take both your suggestions and test them out to see if it fixes/helps my problems. Thanks again!

  5. #5
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2003
    Posts
    24
    Awesome... I tried both your suggestions and was able to make it work! Only one more question... I am supposed to use a void function to output to the user the statement "This program will determine the cost to produce open-top cylindrical containers." I must be doing something wrong because I can't seem to get it to actually output the statement when I run the program. Can you see what it is I am missing?
    Thanks again!

Popular pages Recent additions subscribe to a feed

Similar Threads

  1. Menu
    By Krush in forum C Programming
    Replies: 17
    Last Post: 09-01-2009, 02:34 AM
  2. Assignment Operator, Memory and Scope
    By SevenThunders in forum C++ Programming
    Replies: 47
    Last Post: 03-31-2008, 06:22 AM
  3. Screwy Linker Error - VC2005
    By Tonto in forum C++ Programming
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 06-19-2007, 02:39 PM
  4. Help with a pretty big C++ assignment
    By wakestudent988 in forum C++ Programming
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 10-30-2006, 08:46 PM
  5. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 10-27-2006, 01:21 PM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21