Since when are assertions "harder to get right" than handling exceptions?
Please show me at least one newbie who is able to properly code a member function which modifies two STL containers at a time and provides strong exception guarantee. Newbies are taught that exception handling is a great way for error reporting. As a result they think of it as a brilliant mechanism, making assumptions that their functions have strong exception guarantee (without knowing this term), leaving everything without proper handling, and then continuing execution of their program to "retry something".
The problem in reporting programming errors via exceptions is that you can accidentally catch such exceptions, and continue execution. You catch "std:
ut_of_range" and you think "WTF, what a stupid user entered a bad index!?".
Assertions cause immediate termination and will never
change your exception guarantees.