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default arguments

This is a discussion on default arguments within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; The following text from a book: Default arguments are useful if you donít want to go to the trouble of ...

  1. #1
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    default arguments

    The following text from a book:
    Default arguments are useful if you donít want to go to the trouble of writing arguments that, for example, almost always have the same value. They are also useful in cases where, after a program is written, the programmer decides to increase the capability of a function by adding another argument. Using default arguments means that the existing function calls can continue to use the old number of arguments, while new function calls can use more.
    Could you please explain it to me? I couldn't understand it. It would be really kind of you. Perhaps a simple example would make it clear.
    I'm an outright beginner. Using Win XP Pro and Code::Blocks. Be nice to me, please.

  2. #2
    Registered User whiteflags's Avatar
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    A simple example follows.

    getline - C++ Reference

    While this reference denotes two function signatures,

    Code:
     istream &getline(istream &in, string &s, char delim = '\n');
    this does everything the reference says it does, but it uses default arguments.
    Salem likes this.

  3. #3
    Registered User Inanna's Avatar
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    Default arguments are kind of like a shorter, faster way of overloading. The getline() example might look like this without default arguments:
    Code:
    istream& getline(istream& in, string& s, char delim);
    
    istream& getline(istream& in, string& s)
    {
        return getline(in, s, '\n');
    }

  4. #4
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    The purpose of default arguments is to avoid some tedious coding.
    Let's say for example that you are writing the function:
    Code:
    double logarithm(double x, double base)
    Let's assume in your code, you call logorithm() many times, but usually you want to call it with base 10.
    Code:
    double value1 = logarithm(3, 10);
    double value2 = logarithm(4, 10);
    double value3 = logarithm(123, 10);
    You might see it is rather redundant to keep writing the '10' as an additional parameter.
    Therefore, you might find it in your best interest to write the 'double base' parameter as
    a default parameter.
    Code:
    double logarithm(double x, double base = 10)
    What this code says is: "This function is called logarithm which takes 2 parameters: a double
    named x, and another double named base. If a call to logarithm omits the second parameter,
    then treat it as if he/she passed a 10."
    This way, calls to logarithm can be:
    Code:
    double value1 = logarithm(3);     // assumed base 10.
    double value2 = logarithm(4);     // assumed base 10.
    double value3 = logarithm(123);   // assumed base 10.

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