Stroustrup Chapter 6 class Token Example Link Error

This is a discussion on Stroustrup Chapter 6 class Token Example Link Error within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hello everyone, I'm having a linking error with: Code: #include "../../../std_lib_facilities.h" //------------------------------------------------------------------------------ class Token { public: char kind; // what ...

  1. #1
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    Stroustrup Chapter 6 class Token Example Link Error

    Hello everyone, I'm having a linking error with:
    Code:
    #include "../../../std_lib_facilities.h"
    
    //------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    class Token {
    public:
        char kind;        // what kind of token
        double value;     // for numbers: a value 
        Token(char ch)    // make a Token from a char
            :kind(ch), value(0) { }    
        Token(char ch, double val)     // make a Token from a char and a double
            :kind(ch), value(val) { }
    };
    
    //------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
     Token get_token();  // PROBLEM MAY BE HERE
    
    //------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    vector<Token> tok;    // we'll put the tokens here
    
    //------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    int main()
    {
    
        while (cin) {
            Token t = get_token();
            tok.push_back(t);
        }
        // ...
        
    
        for (int i = 0; i<tok.size(); ++i) {
            if (tok[i].kind=='*') {    // we found a multiply!
                double d = tok[i-1].value*tok[i+1].value;
                // now what?
            }
        }
    }
    Getting:
    1>D:\Documentos\Projectos\Programming P & P w C++\Libro\6.3 Example Tokenizing\Debug\6.3 Example Tokenizing.exe : fatal error LNK1120: 1 unresolved externals
    1>
    1>Build FAILED.

    Pleas advise
    Last edited by Salem; 02-16-2011 at 12:26 PM. Reason: Added [code][/code] tags - learn to use them yourself

  2. #2
    and the hat of wrongness Salem's Avatar
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    It should have given you a list of the unresolved symbols.

    And yes, you will need to implement get_token().
    It isn't enough just to state that it exists.
    If you dance barefoot on the broken glass of undefined behaviour, you've got to expect the occasional cut.
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  3. #3
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    Hello there!

    It results that the entire chapter leads you to inminent error!

    He does a lot of unexplained implementations because he is not WRITING the program, he is thinking it. STILL, I did not get that until the last part of the chapter, where STILL I don't get the entire flow of the program.

    Whoever read the chapter, will agree that the grammar implementation with the tokenize input (which all that implies - returning the token to the stream after unused evaluations & stuff) is complicated to grasp at first glance.

    Basically, at the end of the chapter we have:

    class Token - tokenizer
    class ts - fetches and returns tokens from i/o streams
    double expression();
    double term();
    double primary();
    int main();

    The process of how to achieve "correctesness" is impressively weel explained, but the program itself it may not be the best example just because of the classes implementations with constructors which I don't fully understand.

    Thanks a bunch!

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