vectors of structs

This is a discussion on vectors of structs within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hey I'm pretty new to C++ but have quite a bit of experience in Java. I have a project to ...

  1. #1
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    vectors of structs

    Hey I'm pretty new to C++ but have quite a bit of experience in Java. I have a project to make a Morse code translator. I have a struct that holds a letter and its morse code equivalent. Then I have a vector of these structs to hold all of the combinations. Here's the code thats giving me problems.

    Code:
    struct Code{
    		string letter;
    		string morse; 
    	};
    	vector<Code>* myConvertorTable;
    Code:
    void MorseCodeTranslator::setupConvertorTable()
    {
    	ifstream ifstr(myConversionTableFile.c_str());
    	if(!ifstr)
    	{
    		cerr << "Cannot open: " << myConversionTableFile << "." << endl;
    		exit(ERROR);	    
    	}
    
      string tempLetter;
      string tempMorse;
    
      while(getline(ifstr, tempLetter))
      {
    	myConvertorTable->letter.push_back(tempLetter);
    	if(getline(ifstr, tempMorse))
    	{
    		myConvertorTable->morse.push_back(tempMorse);
    	}
      }
    
    #ifdef DEBUG
      for(int i = 0; i < myConvertorTable->size(); i++)
      {
    	  cout << "morse: " << myConvertorTable->morse->at(i) << endl;
    	  cout << "letter: " << myConvertorTable->letter->at(i) << endl;
      }
    #endif
    
    }

    Heres the error messages.

    MorseCodeTranslator.cpp: In member function ‚void MorseCodeTranslator::setupConvertorTable()‚:
    MorseCodeTranslator.cpp:19: error: ‚class std::vector<MorseCodeTranslator::Code, std::allocator<MorseCodeTranslator::Code> >‚ has no member named ‚letter‚
    MorseCodeTranslator.cpp:22: error: ‚class std::vector<MorseCodeTranslator::Code, std::allocator<MorseCodeTranslator::Code> >‚ has no member named ‚morse‚

  2. #2
    and the Hat of Guessing tabstop's Avatar
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    14,185
    The error messages mean exactly what they say: vector<Code> does not, in fact, contain any letters, or any morses. It contains Codes. You need to build a Code and push_back that. You can use a tempCode, just like you're using a templetter and a tempmorse.

  3. #3
    Guest Sebastiani's Avatar
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    Waterloo, Texas
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    >> myConvertorTable->morse->at(i)

    You've got it backwards. Should be:

    myConvertorTable->at(i).morse
    Code:
    #include <cmath>
    #include <complex>
    bool euler_flip(bool value)
    {
        return std::pow
        (
            std::complex<float>(std::exp(1.0)), 
            std::complex<float>(0, 1) 
            * std::complex<float>(std::atan(1.0)
            *(1 << (value + 2)))
        ).real() < 0;
    }

  4. #4
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    Thanks the temp struct idea worked.

  5. #5
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    Ignore ME sorry I figured it out.
    Last edited by Zosden; 10-04-2008 at 06:45 PM. Reason: got it to work

  6. #6
    C++まいる!Cをこわせ! Elysia's Avatar
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    Posts
    22,594
    And don't forget to allocate memory for your vector (and free it), since it's a pointer!
    But does it really [i]need[I] to be a pointer?
    Quote Originally Posted by Adak View Post
    io.h certainly IS included in some modern compilers. It is no longer part of the standard for C, but it is nevertheless, included in the very latest Pelles C versions.
    Quote Originally Posted by Salem View Post
    You mean it's included as a crutch to help ancient programmers limp along without them having to relearn too much.

    Outside of your DOS world, your header file is meaningless.

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