Possible to define BaseClass functions where derived's have diff. return type/args?

This is a discussion on Possible to define BaseClass functions where derived's have diff. return type/args? within the C++ Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; I want to create a base class that tells people that there will be two methods but not specify what ...

  1. #1
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    Possible to define BaseClass functions where derived's have diff. return type/args?

    I want to create a base class that tells people that there will be two methods but not specify what the args or return type are. How would I do this?

    Code:
    //Something along the lines of
    template <typename T>
    class Test
    {
    public:
             T load(SomeClass a);
             void save(SomeClass a, T b);
    };
    
    class DerivedA : public Test
    {
    public:
             File load(SomeClass a);
             void save(SomeClass a, File b);
    };
    
    class DerivedB : public Test
    {
    public:
             Text load(SomeClass a);
             void save(SomeClass a, Text b);
    };
    Is that valid? is there a better way?

  2. #2
    Guest Sebastiani's Avatar
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    >> Is that valid?

    you have to pass the type to the template, eg:

    class DerivedA : public Test<File>

    >> is there a better way?

    possibly. without a more detailed example it's difficult to say, though.
    Code:
    #include <cmath>
    #include <complex>
    bool euler_flip(bool value)
    {
        return std::pow
        (
            std::complex<float>(std::exp(1.0)), 
            std::complex<float>(0, 1) 
            * std::complex<float>(std::atan(1.0)
            *(1 << (value + 2)))
        ).real() < 0;
    }

  3. #3
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    Thanks. One related question:

    In Java if you have a class (or interface) defintion, you can create a class on the fly without having to predefine it. Is this possible in C++?

    Code:
    //If I have interface DataObject
    class Some
    {
    private:
         PrivateClass d;
    
    public:
         DataObject get()
         {
              return new DataObject()
              {
                    public getData()
                    {
                         return d.data();
                    }
              };
         }    
    };

  4. #4
    C++ Witch laserlight's Avatar
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    In Java if you have a class (or interface) defintion, you can create a class on the fly without having to predefine it.
    What do you mean? Perhaps you have a Java example?
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  5. #5
    C++まいる!Cをこわせ!
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    Note that C++ does not support get/set. You have to create your own functions or use a specialized homebrewn class for that.
    Also note that you can't use classes or types which have not yet been defined (you must have the proper definition before you can use the type or class).
    Quote Originally Posted by Adak View Post
    io.h certainly IS included in some modern compilers. It is no longer part of the standard for C, but it is nevertheless, included in the very latest Pelles C versions.
    Quote Originally Posted by Salem View Post
    You mean it's included as a crutch to help ancient programmers limp along without them having to relearn too much.

    Outside of your DOS world, your header file is meaningless.

  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by laserlight View Post
    What do you mean? Perhaps you have a Java example?
    Code:
    interface ActionListener
    {
           public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e);
    }
    
    class Test
    {
           public ActionListener getListener() 
           {
                  //This returns an object that is of class type ActionListener 
                  return new ActionListener() 
                  {
                          public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) 
                          {
                                 // do something 
                          }
                  };
            )
    }

  7. #7
    Guest Sebastiani's Avatar
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    the closest thing we have to that is lambda functions.
    Code:
    #include <cmath>
    #include <complex>
    bool euler_flip(bool value)
    {
        return std::pow
        (
            std::complex<float>(std::exp(1.0)), 
            std::complex<float>(0, 1) 
            * std::complex<float>(std::atan(1.0)
            *(1 << (value + 2)))
        ).real() < 0;
    }

  8. #8
    Cat without Hat CornedBee's Avatar
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    C++ has local classes, but they're pretty much useless. It doesn't have anonymous local classes like Java.
    All the buzzt!
    CornedBee

    "There is not now, nor has there ever been, nor will there ever be, any programming language in which it is the least bit difficult to write bad code."
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