problem with random numbers

This is a discussion on problem with random numbers within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; hi i just made a program to practice random numbers because im new . i get different numbers each time, ...

  1. #1
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    problem with random numbers

    hi i just made a program to practice random numbers because im new . i get different numbers each time, but every time i run the program they are the same numbers each time. anyone know the problem? thanks in advance.

    Code:
    #include<stdio.h>
    #include<stdlib.h>
    
    int number(void);
    main() { 
           
           number();
           number();
           number();
           
           printf("hit a key to quit");
           getchar();
           
           return 0;
           }
           
    int  number(){
         int fy=1,fz=100,fx;
         fx=rand() % (fz-fy+1);
         printf("Your number is %d\n",fx);
         return fx;
         }

  2. #2
    Registered User fischerandom's Avatar
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    What you are talking about is not random numbers, they are pseudo-random numbers. A pseudo-random generator such as the standard C library function rand( ) uses a start seed and from that start seed there will be a mathematically defined sequence of pseudo-random numbers returned each time it is called. To get a new sequence each time you run your program you need to set a different seed with srand( ). This can be accomplished by using the current time like this:
    Code:
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <time.h>
    int  main( ) {
     int  n;
     
     srand( time( 0 ) );  /* Generate a new seed */
     
     for ( n = 0; n < 100; ++n )
      printf( "%i, ", rand( ) );
     
     return 0;
    }
    Bobby Fischer Live Radio Interviews http://home.att.ne.jp/moon/fischer/

  3. #3
    Frequently Quite Prolix dwks's Avatar
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    See Prelude's site.

    [edit]
    http://eternallyconfuzzled.com/articles/rand.html
    [/edit]
    Last edited by dwks; 11-24-2005 at 08:00 AM.
    dwk

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