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decoding binary

This is a discussion on decoding binary within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hi, i have this piece of code which is decoding function for rice algorithm. which i pass as input is ...

  1. #1
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    Nov 2011
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    decoding binary

    Hi,
    i have this piece of code which is decoding function for rice algorithm. which i pass as input is a binary file, which is encoded.
    working of encoder:
    the range of input in encoding fn is 0-255, and the encoder creates a combination of unary and binary, for example if i have 42, it is encoded as (010)011111- for the part in bracket it is 42 mod 8 written in binary, part except bracket is int(42/8) written in unary.the in bitfile the value 010011111 is written.

    now when i decode the file, i read bit by bit from the file, and the following fn is used which i didnt coded but got online:
    here k=3, which is the number of bits for remainder.

    Code:
    /* decode input file */
        while ((bit = BitFileGetBit(bfpIn)) != EOF)
        {
            if (1 == bit)
            {
                byte++; //for ex. for 010011111, this part will read 5 1's, byte=00000101
                
            }
            else
            {
                /* finished unary portion */
                tmp = byte << k; //tmp=00101000 ( 00000101 << 3)
           ;
    
                if (EOF == BitFileGetBits(bfpIn, &byte, k))
                {
                    /* unary was actually spare bits */
                    break;
                }
    
                byte >>= (CHAR_BIT - k);        /* leftt justify bits, byte= 00000000 */
          
                byte |= tmp;// byte=00101000
           
                fputc(byte, fpOut);//here we write 40 instead of 42? where are the remaining 3 bits? i dont get this
    
                byte = 0;
            }
        }
    As i understand the unary part is decoded, but i dont see where the binary part is decoded. i dont understand how this piece of code works with input from the file. I have written for each of the decoding steps, the value for tmp and byte in the code i thought, but they are not right bc i am getting correct decoded values when i run the code, so i am not understanding some part of it. plz can anyone help me understand this code.
    If u want to see the whle code for encoder as well as decoder, it is attached

    thanks
    Attached Files Attached Files
    • File Type: c r.c (7.0 KB, 23 views)

  2. #2
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