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expected constant expression?

This is a discussion on expected constant expression? within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hello, newbie here. Just started euler problems to get better acquainted with C. The first problem is this- If we ...

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    May 2012

    expected constant expression?

    Hello, newbie here.

    Just started euler problems to get better acquainted with C. The first problem is this-

    If we list all the natural numbers below 10 that are multiples of 3 or 5, we get 3, 5, 6 and 9. The sum of these multiples is 23.

    Find the sum of all the multiples of 3 or 5 below 1000.
    So here is my program-

    #include <stdio.h>
    int main()
    	int _MAX = 1000;
    	int nums[_MAX] = {0};
    	int checkers[] = {3,5};
    	int k = 0;
    	int len = sizeof(checkers)/sizeof(int);
    	int sum = 0;
    	int checker;
    	for(k = 0; k < len; k++)
    		checker = checkers[k];
    		sum = 0;
    		while(sum+checker <= _MAX)
    			sum += checker;
    			nums[sum] = 1;
    	sum = 0;
    	for(k = 0; k < _MAX; k++)
    			sum += k;
    	printf("%d", sum);
    	return 0;
    This compiles with an error-

    main.c(6): error C2057: expected constant expression
    main.c(6): error C2466: cannot allocate an array of constant size 0

    which is line

    int nums[_MAX] = {0};
    If I change _MAX here to 1000 everything works and I get the right answer. What is wrong and how do I fix this? I tried google but got more confused.

  2. #2
    Master Apprentice phantomotap's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2008

    Due what it says on the label: make `_MAX' a constant value.


    C Tutor Needed
    claudiu likes this.

  3. #3
    Algorithm Dissector iMalc's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    New Zealand
    It means that you're using a C compiler that is not C99 compliant, and from the looks of it, it's some version of MSVC. MSVC is good for C++, but not so good for C.
    If you want to MSVC, use an enum or #define for the size.
    Otherwise, others will suggest better C compilers such as "Pelles C".
    My homepage
    Advice: Take only as directed - If symptoms persist, please see your debugger

    Linus Torvalds: "But it clearly is the only right way. The fact that everybody else does it some other way only means that they are wrong"

  4. #4
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Nov 2010
    Long Beach, CA
    Also, you should not use a leading underscore in your identifiers:
    [quote="C99 7.1.3p1]
    All identifiers that begin with an underscore and either an uppercase letter or another
    underscore are always reserved for any use.
    It's not likely, but entirely possible, that later on, some implementation you use defines _MAX, and your code no longer works. And pray they don't declare _MAX as a function macro, because it may throw some nasty compiler errors that make no sense when you go back and look at the code.

    EDIT: Actually, with a name like _MAX, it's quite likely that an implementation will define it, to be used in calculating the greater of two variables:
    #define _MAX(a,b)    a > b ? a : b  // yes, I know this is naive and error prone, it's just for demonstration
    Last edited by anduril462; 05-08-2012 at 01:20 AM.

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