Help me understand this program

This is a discussion on Help me understand this program within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hi all, My teacher used the following example to teach us about multiple-dimension arrays: Code: /* Deals a random hand ...

  1. #1
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    Help me understand this program

    Hi all,

    My teacher used the following example to teach us about multiple-dimension arrays:
    Code:
    /* Deals a random hand of cards */
    
    #include <stdbool.h>   /* C99 only */
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <time.h>
    
    #define NUM_SUITS 4
    #define NUM_RANKS 13
    
    int main(void)
    {
      bool in_hand[NUM_SUITS][NUM_RANKS] = {false};
      int num_cards, rank, suit;
      const char rank_code[] = {'2','3','4','5','6','7','8',
                                '9','t','j','q','k','a'};
      const char suit_code[] = {'c','d','h','s'};
    
      srand((unsigned) time(NULL));
    
      printf("Enter number of cards in hand: ");
      scanf("%d", &num_cards);
    
      printf("Your hand:");
      while (num_cards > 0) {
        suit = rand() % NUM_SUITS;     /* picks a random suit */
        rank = rand() % NUM_RANKS;     /* picks a random rank */
        if (!in_hand[suit][rank]) {
          in_hand[suit][rank] = true;
          num_cards--;
          printf(" %c%c", rank_code[rank], suit_code[suit]);
        }
      }
      printf("\n");
    
      return 0;
    }
    The part that I don't understand is this:
    Code:
    suit = rand() % NUM_SUITS;
    rank = rand() % NUM_RANKS;
    There are 4 suits, ranging from 0 to 3, and 13 ranks, ranging from 0 to 12. The value returned by the statements above can only return 0 to 9; doesn't that mean it's going to leave out some ranks, and possibility going out of bound for suits?

    Obviously I'm new to C (and programming in general), and I've only gotten to arrays, so please take that into consideration when you explain things.

    Much thanks!

  2. #2
    Registered User claudiu's Avatar
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    London, United Kingdom
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    Why do you think that can only return 0-9?
    1. Get rid of gets(). Never ever ever use it again. Replace it with fgets() and use that instead.
    2. Get rid of void main and replace it with int main(void) and return 0 at the end of the function.
    3. Get rid of conio.h and other antiquated DOS crap headers.
    4. Don't cast the return value of malloc, even if you always always always make sure that stdlib.h is included.

  3. #3
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    Jun 2011
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    claudiu,

    Lol, I see how it works now. I was thinking about a large number generated by rand() divided by a variable.
    Wow, I feel so stupid now...

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