help with scanf given a file as input

This is a discussion on help with scanf given a file as input within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; for this program I'm writing I need to take input from a file and draw a fractal image based on ...

  1. #1
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    help with scanf given a file as input

    for this program I'm writing I need to take input from a file and draw a fractal image based on the Lindenmayer System. The input looks a little bit like this:

    Code:
    4
    
    25
    20.0
    -90.0
    aF
    24
    a -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fb
    b -> +FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fc
    c -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fd
    d -> -FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fe
    e -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fg
    g -> FFFFFy[+++fa]fh
    h -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fi
    i -> +FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fj
    j -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fk
    k -> -FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fl
    l -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fm
    m -> FFFFFy[---fa]fa
    n -> ofFFF
    o -> fFFFp
    p -> fFFF[-s]q
    q -> fFFF[-s]r
    r -> fFFF[-s]
    s -> fFfF
    t -> ufFFF
    u -> fFFFv
    v -> fFFF[+s]w
    w -> fFFF[+s]x
    x -> fFFF[+s]
    y -> Fy

    I am trying to get the values using scanf :

    Code:
    int edf, depth, numRules, numImages;
    double angle, initHead;
    char *lhs[100], *rhs[100], *axiom; //lhs and rhs are for storing the rules and not used here
    
    scanf("%d %d %lf %lf %c", &numImages, &edf, &angle, &initHead, &axiom);
    currently I'm trying to grab "aF" by initializing "axom" as a string (I included <string.h> in the header) and assigning the 5th value in the file to it. However I know that there can be issues using a string in scanf.

    I've tried alternatively tried making axiom an array of chars but that just grabs everything else in the file until the array is filled and the length of "axiom" will vary by test file.

    The only other way I can currently think of involves storing the whole file to an array of chars and iterating through one by one. Is there an easier way to do this or am I just over-thinking things?

  2. #2
    and the hat of wrongness Salem's Avatar
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    Well to grab "af", you would need

    Code:
    char axiom[3];  // 2 chars max
    
    scanf("%d %d %lf %lf %s", &numImages, &edf, &angle, &initHead, axiom);  // %s format, and no &
    > a -> FFFFFy[++++n][----t]fb
    I would suggest you use fgets() to read these lines into a char array, then write your own custom parser to go over the line looking for the bits of information you need.
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