beginner at c programming...how to manipulate multiple files in a single program?

This is a discussion on beginner at c programming...how to manipulate multiple files in a single program? within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; i need to write a program which reads three files containing data... this data is organized in the same manner ...

  1. #1
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    Question beginner at c programming...how to manipulate multiple files in a single program?

    i need to write a program which reads three files containing data... this data is organized in the same manner in all of the files and only differs in its numbers...

    i wrote a program to read one file and manipulate its content, but i don't know how to get this program to read the other two files following this one in the exact same way..

    could i use a function to get this program to work?

    Code:
    #include <stdio.h>
    main ()
    {
        FILE *ontariofile;
        
        int beachnum, sampnum, s;         
        double samp,total, avg;
        
        ontariofile = fopen ("ontario.txt", "r");
        
        while (fscanf (ontariofile, "%d", &beachnum) != EOF)
        {
            total = 0;
            
            fscanf (ontariofile, "%d", &sampnum);
           
             
                
                    for (s = 1; s <= sampnum; ++s)
                    {
                        fscanf (ontariofile, "%lf", &samp);
                        total = total + samp;
                    }         
                    avg = total / sampnum;
                    if (avg > 50)
                    {
                        printf ("%d: open\n", beachnum);
                    }
                    else if (avg < 50)
                    {
                    printf ("%d: closed\n", beachnum);
                    }
                
                if (sampnum <3) 
                {
                    printf ("%d: insufficient data\n", beachnum);
                } 
    		                  
            
        }
            
    fclose (ontariofile);
    }

  2. #2
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    You most definitely could and should use a function. But first:
    1. Always declare main to return int.
    2. Do some error checking. Check to make sure fopen worked, and check each usage of fscanf for an EOF, in case there's a problem reading the file or it's not properly formatted. It's a good habit to get in early, even if this is just for personal use. It will also help you find errors in your program.

    As for the function, simply rename your existing main function something like process_file and pass in the filename to process as a string. Then, your new main function will have a list of file (or take them as command line parameters) and call process_file on each one.

    Lastly, your program will print information about whether a beach is open or closed even if there's enough data. Your if (sampnum < 3) clause needs to be relocated.

  3. #3
    Registered User claudiu's Avatar
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    Drop the fscanf altogether and use fgets.
    1. Get rid of gets(). Never ever ever use it again. Replace it with fgets() and use that instead.
    2. Get rid of void main and replace it with int main(void) and return 0 at the end of the function.
    3. Get rid of conio.h and other antiquated DOS crap headers.
    4. Don't cast the return value of malloc, even if you always always always make sure that stdlib.h is included.

  4. #4
    Registered User Swarvy's Avatar
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    If you want to open additional files (as stated in your original post) then you could just reuse the same variable ('ontariofile' in this case). Obviously you would have to close the file before you use it. Alternatively you could open different file pointers if you wanted all three files open at the same time.

    Example:
    Code:
    ontariofile = fopen ("ontario_2.txt", "r");
    Where in Ontario are you? (if you don't mind me asking. I am there at the moment).

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