Spawning multiple processes

This is a discussion on Spawning multiple processes within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hi, I would like to know how to spawn multiple processes from one process, and have them all doing something ...

  1. #1
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    Spawning multiple processes

    Hi,

    I would like to know how to spawn multiple processes from one process, and have them all doing something at once. I know that you can create a process with the fork() function, but aren't I in the child process when I do that?

    So, if I did:
    pid_t child;
    child = fork();
    , then if pid_t is 0, then I'm in the child process now, right? So, if I'm the child now, I could get that child process started on some task, but how do I go back up to the parent to create other processes and have them start other tasks in parallel, without waiting for this current child to die?

    Thanks!

  2. #2
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    If fork() is successful, the return value is 0 in the child and > 0 (actually the PID of the child) in the parent. An example of how to do this might look something like this:

    Code:
    pid_t ret = fork();
    
    if (ret == -1) {
        // no child process created - handle error
        perror("fork()");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    } else if (ret == 0) {
        // this code is executed in the child process
        while (1) {
            printf("This is the child process\n");
            sleep(1);
        }
    } else {
        // this code is executed in the parent process
        while (1) {
            printf("This is the parent process (our child has pid %d)\n", ret);
            sleep(1);
        }
    }
    In other words, if fork() is successful then both parent and child are executing concurrently (conceptually, at least...) and a program can differentiate between whether it is the child or parent by examining the return value of fork().

  3. #3
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    OK, that's very helpful. So, since parent and child are running concurrently after a successful fork(), any code executed after the fork() needs to be in a conditional statement based on the PID to prevent the code from being executed by *both* parent and child, correct?

    This makes me curious. So, if I did something like this:

    pid_t ret1 = fork();
    pid_t ret2 = fork();
    pid_t ret3 = fork();

    , would there be eight processes (including the parent)? I'm thinking this would happen:

    Line 1 - Parent creates a child (Child 1).
    Line 2 - Parent creates a second child (Child 2), and Child 1 creates a child (Child 3).
    Line 3 - Parent creates Child 4, Child 1 creates Child 5, Child 2 creates Child 6, Child 3 creates Child 7.

    Exponentially growing processes, scary. Is this correct?

    Thanks again.

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