hi all,

When I tried to learn about IP checksum I came across the following function for checksum calculation.can any one please explain the code.

Thanks..Code:u_short in_cksum(register u_short *addr, register int len) { register int nleft = len; register u_short *w = addr; register u_short answer; register int sum = 0; /* * Our algorithm is simple, using a 32 bit accumulator (sum), * we add sequential 16 bit words to it, and at the end, fold * back all the carry bits from the top 16 bits into the lower * 16 bits. */ while (nleft > 1) { sum += *w++; nleft -= 2; } /* mop up an odd byte, if necessary */ if (nleft == 1) sum += *(u_char *)w; /* * add back carry outs from top 16 bits to low 16 bits */ sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff); /* add hi 16 to low 16 */ sum += (sum >> 16); /* add carry */ answer = ~sum; /* truncate to 16 bits */ return (answer); }