An error is driving me nuts!

This is a discussion on An error is driving me nuts! within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; I can't seem to trace this error and why it even happens. I posted this earlier, but I have no ...

  1. #1
    Math wizard
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    An error is driving me nuts!

    I can't seem to trace this error and why it even happens. I posted this earlier, but I have no idea where that thread went and I couldn't check back because my computer died at the time. This is that error, again:

    1>.\Menus.c(245) : error C2143: syntax error : missing '{' before '*'

    I'm apparently going to have to post the entire code (cutting repetition out as noted) for the whole program (it's just a core Windows program so there's essentially nothing to it isn't much to it at all:

    In the root file:
    Code:
    // 3D modeling program.c : Defines the entry point for the application.
    // Keep this file short - make a new file for each new aspect.
    
    // common stuff
    
    #define _CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE
    
    #define degrees 0.017453292519943295769236907684886 // multiply by this to convert angles in degrees to radians
    
    #include <windows.h> // these are all standard includes
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <malloc.h>
    #include <memory.h>
    #include <tchar.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <math.h>
    #include <string.h>
    
    HWND WindowHandle; // window handle
    WNDCLASSEX WindowClass; // for a window class
    MSG msg; // a message for windows
    
    int ProgramRunning = 1; // the program is running by default
    
    // string stuff
    char TextString[2048]; // a string for text to use
    
    // Debug-related things
    char DebugDetails[512]; // string for indicating errors
    double DebugTest[25]; // for displaying values
    int DebugPointerTest[5];
    
    // general variables
    char WarningString[512]; // used to display warnings and errors
    
    #include "Menus.c" // this problematic file is at the end
    
    // Putting an HMENU declaration right here causes no error to occur....
    
    // Windows Procedure Event Handler
    LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND WindowHandle, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
    {
    	// Switch message, condition that is met will execute
    	switch(message)
    	{
    		// Window is being created
    		case WM_CREATE: 
    			return 0;
    			break;
    		// Window is closing
    		case WM_CLOSE: 
    			PostQuitMessage(0);
    			ProgramRunning = 0; // to terminate the loop
    			return 0;
    			break;
    		default:
    			break;
    	}
    	
    	return (DefWindowProc(WindowHandle, message, wParam, lParam));
    }
    
    // Main windows function - the point from which the program starts from
    int APIENTRY WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance,
                         HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                         LPSTR     lpCmdLine,
                         int       nCmdShow)
    {
    	// Fill out the window class structure
    	WindowClass.cbSize = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX);
    	WindowClass.style = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW;
    	WindowClass.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
    	WindowClass.cbClsExtra = 0;
    	WindowClass.cbWndExtra = 0;
    	WindowClass.hInstance = hInstance;
    	WindowClass.hIcon = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
    	WindowClass.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
    	WindowClass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH)GetStockObject(BLACK_BRUSH);
    	WindowClass.lpszMenuName = NULL;
    	WindowClass.lpszClassName = "MyClass";
    	WindowClass.hIconSm = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO);
    	
    	// Register the window class
    	
    	if (!RegisterClassEx(&WindowClass))
    	{
    		return 1;
    	}
    	
    	SetUpMenus(); // sets up the menus, assigning handles
    	
    	// Class registered, so now create window
    	WindowHandle = CreateWindow("MyClass",			// class name
    		"The 3D scene and level creator 1.0 (development version)",		// app name
    		WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW |		// window style
    		WS_VISIBLE |
    		WS_MAXIMIZE,
    		0, 0,			// x/y coords
    		768, 512,			// width,height
    		NULL,				// handle to parent
    		MenuMainHandle,		// handle to menu
    		hInstance,			// application instance
    		NULL);				// no extra parameter's
    	
    	// Check if window creation failed
    	if (!WindowHandle)
    	{
    		return 0;
    	}
    	
    	DrawMenuBar(WindowHandle); // this has no problems
    	
    	while (ProgramRunning == 1) // this is the main loop
    	{
    		PeekMessage(&msg, WindowHandle, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE);
    		
    		if (msg.message == WM_QUIT) // check for a quit message
    		{
    			ProgramRunning = 0; // if found, quit app
    			break;
    		}
    		
    		else
    		{
    			// Finally, translate and dispatch any messages into event queue so other programs can run
    			Sleep(1); // wait some milliseconds
    			TranslateMessage(&msg);
    			DispatchMessage(&msg);
    		}
    	}
    	
    	// main loop has ended, program ended - free up handles and other resources to prevent memory leaks
    	UnregisterClass("MyClass", hInstance); // frees the resources/memory
    	DestroyWindow(WindowHandle);
    	QuitMenus(); // for the menus
    	
    	return 0; // terminate the program
    }
    In the Menus.c file:
    Code:
    // Menus.c:  This file involves the functions and controls from the menus.
    // Call the "ProcessMenuCommand" function in the WS_COMMAND Windows message.
    // Call the "QuitMenus" function upon closing to free up the resources.
    
    // defines
    
    /*
    The ID for each menu item should follow a consistent pattern.  For this, bit masking would be useful.
    
    0xE000 - menu bar - the headers that are always visible (maximum:  8)
    0x1F00 - menu options - these are visible when the always-visible ones are clicked on (maximum:  32)
    0x00E0 - submenus (maximum:  8)
    0x0010 - flag for checked elements (0 if unchecked, 1 if checked)
    0x0008 - flag for grayed elements (0 if normal, 1 if grayed; disabled is never used)
    0x0007 - other variations (strings, other states, etc.)
    */
    
    #define FileRoot 0x0000 // used for opening and saving files
    #define FileNew 0x0100 // creates a new, blank file
    #define FileOpen 0x0200 // opens an existing file
    #define FileSave 0x0300 // saves the current file
    #define FileSaveAs 0x0400 // saves the current file under a new name
    
    #define EditRoot 0x2000 // Used for general manipulation of the scene
    
    // nothing but about 130 defines are here in the same format as above
    
    // structures
    
    // Menu handles
    HMENU MenuMainHandle; // error - there's a problem with this identifier and all those below
    HMENU MenuFileHandle;
    HMENU MenuEditHandle;
    HMENU MenuViewHandle;
    HMENU MenuObjectHandle;
    HMENU MenuObjectNew2DShapeHandle;
    HMENU MenuObjectNew3DShapeHandle;
    HMENU MenuToolsHandle;
    HMENU MenuOptionsHandle;
    HMENU MenuOptions2DViewsHandle;
    HMENU MenuOptions3DViewHandle;
    HMENU MenuOptionsVertexMarkersHandle;
    HMENU MenuOptionsShowHideHandle;
    HMENU MenuOptionsMeasurementHandle;
    HMENU MenuHelpHandle;
    
    BITMAPINFOHEADER TestBMPInfo; // Test case but this gets the same error as the above and below
    
    MENUITEMINFO MenuFileInfo; // this also errors in the same way
    MENUITEMINFO MenuFileNewInfo;
    MENUITEMINFO MenuFileOpenInfo;
    MENUITEMINFO MenuFileSaveInfo;
    MENUITEMINFO MenuFileSaveAsInfo;
    
    MENUITEMINFO MenuEditInfo;
    MENUITEMINFO MenuEditUndoInfo;
    // list to be completed
    
    // string stuff
    
    /* these things are important to keep for debugging
    sprintf(DebugDetails, "The resulting value is %d.", DebugTest);
    MessageBox(WindowHandle, DebugDetails, "Debug Results", MB_OK);
    */
    
    // general variables
    
    // other things
    
    FILE *FileHandle; // handle for reading/writing files
    // the line above has "missing { before *" as the error
    // functions
    
    /*
    Function:		SetUpMenus
    What it does:	Sets up menus, preparing them for use.
    Parameters:		None.
    The routine:	Stage 1 - repeatedly call "CreateMenu" to assign handles for the menus.
    Return value:	Nothing - if it fails, use MessageBox to mention what problem was encountered.
    Remarks:		There's a lot of repetion expected so form templates to speed the process up.
    To do:			Write this function.  Use the defines at the top to make it easier to identify the menu command.
    */
    void SetUpMenus()
    {
    	MenuMainHandle = CreateMenu(); // assign the handle to the menus and submenus
    	// the above has "undeclared identifier" as the error - the below has the same
    	// the Windows function, CreateMenu, is also undeclared which is very suspicious
    	
    	MenuFileHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuEditHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuViewHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuObjectHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuObjectNew2DShapeHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuObjectNew3DShapeHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuToolsHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuOptionsHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuOptions2DViewsHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuOptions3DViewHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuOptionsVertexMarkersHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuOptionsShowHideHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuOptionsMeasurementHandle = CreateMenu();
    	MenuHelpHandle = CreateMenu();
    
    	// END
    }
    
    
    /*
    Function:		ProcessMenuCommand
    What it does:	Processes menu commands as received from WS_COMMAND.
    Parameters:		
    The routine:	Stage 1 - filter the results based on the menu command's ID.
    				Stage 2 - perform the action based on this.
    Return value:	Nothing - if it fails, use MessageBox to mention what problem was encountered.
    Remarks:		There's a lot of repetion expected so form templates to speed the process up.
    To do:			Write this function.  Use the defines at the top to make it easier to identify the menu command.
    */
    
    
    
    /*
    Function:		QuitMenus
    What it does:	Destroys menus, freeing resources that the menus use (used upon closing).
    Parameters:		None.
    The routine:	Stage 1 - repeatedly call "DestroyMenu" to free the resources.
    Return value:	Nothing - if it fails, use MessageBox to mention what problem was encountered.
    Remarks:		There's a lot of repetion expected so form templates to speed the process up.
    To do:			Add more items whenever new ones are used.
    */
    void QuitMenus()
    {
    	// Even DestroyMenu is being flagged as undeclared
    	DestroyMenu(MenuMainHandle); // destroys the menu, freeing its resources
    	DestroyMenu(MenuFileHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuEditHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuViewHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuObjectHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuObjectNew2DShapeHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuObjectNew3DShapeHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuToolsHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuOptionsHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuOptions2DViewsHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuOptions3DViewHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuOptionsVertexMarkersHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuOptionsShowHideHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuOptionsMeasurementHandle);
    	DestroyMenu(MenuHelpHandle);
    }
    That's the entire program. Oddly, I can define HMENU after Menus.c without any problems or errors. What is going on? This error is preventing me from making any further progress and it's really getting on my nerves! I don't know how to trace an error to its source either, if that's possible.

    These are the errors I'm getting:

    Code:
    1>------ Build started: Project: 3D modeling program, Configuration: Debug Win32 ------
    1>Compiling...
    1>cl : Command line warning D9035 : option 'Wp64' has been deprecated and will be removed in a future release
    1>Menus.c
    1>.\Menus.c(200) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuMainHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(200) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(202) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuFileHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(202) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(203) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuEditHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(203) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(204) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuViewHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(204) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(205) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuObjectHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(205) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(206) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuObjectNew2DShapeHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(206) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(207) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuObjectNew3DShapeHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(207) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(208) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuToolsHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(208) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(209) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuOptionsHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(209) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(210) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuOptions2DViewsHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(210) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(211) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuOptions3DViewHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(211) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(212) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuOptionsVertexMarkersHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(212) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(213) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuOptionsShowHideHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(213) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(214) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuOptionsMeasurementHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(214) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(215) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuHelpHandle'
    1>.\Menus.c(215) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(219) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'testBMP'
    1>.\Menus.c(219) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(221) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuFileInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(221) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(222) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuFileNewInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(222) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(223) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuFileOpenInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(223) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(224) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuFileSaveInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(224) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(225) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuFileSaveAsInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(225) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(227) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuEditInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(227) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(228) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'MenuEditUndoInfo'
    1>.\Menus.c(228) : error C2059: syntax error : ';'
    1>.\Menus.c(245) : error C2143: syntax error : missing '{' before '*'
    1>.\Menus.c(245) : warning C4431: missing type specifier - int assumed. Note: C no longer supports default-int
    1>.\Menus.c(245) : warning C4218: nonstandard extension used : must specify at least a storage class or a type
    1>.\Menus.c(476) : error C2065: 'MenuMainHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(476) : warning C4013: 'CreateMenu' undefined; assuming extern returning int
    1>.\Menus.c(478) : error C2065: 'MenuFileHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(479) : error C2065: 'MenuEditHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(480) : error C2065: 'MenuViewHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(481) : error C2065: 'MenuObjectHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(482) : error C2065: 'MenuObjectNew2DShapeHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(483) : error C2065: 'MenuObjectNew3DShapeHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(484) : error C2065: 'MenuToolsHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(485) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(486) : error C2065: 'MenuOptions2DViewsHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(487) : error C2065: 'MenuOptions3DViewHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(488) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsVertexMarkersHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(489) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsShowHideHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(490) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsMeasurementHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(491) : error C2065: 'MenuHelpHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(521) : warning C4013: 'DestroyMenu' undefined; assuming extern returning int
    1>.\Menus.c(521) : error C2065: 'MenuMainHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(522) : error C2065: 'MenuFileHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(523) : error C2065: 'MenuEditHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(524) : error C2065: 'MenuViewHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(525) : error C2065: 'MenuObjectHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(526) : error C2065: 'MenuObjectNew2DShapeHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(527) : error C2065: 'MenuObjectNew3DShapeHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(528) : error C2065: 'MenuToolsHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(529) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(530) : error C2065: 'MenuOptions2DViewsHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(531) : error C2065: 'MenuOptions3DViewHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(532) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsVertexMarkersHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(533) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsShowHideHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(534) : error C2065: 'MenuOptionsMeasurementHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>.\Menus.c(535) : error C2065: 'MenuHelpHandle' : undeclared identifier
    1>Generating Code...
    High elevation is the best elevation. The higher, the better the view!
    My computer: XP Pro SP3, 3.4 GHz i7-2600K CPU (OC'd to 4 GHz), 4 GB DDR3 RAM, X-Fi Platinum sound, GeForce 460, 1920x1440 resolution, 1250 GB HDD space, Visual C++ 2008 Express

  2. #2
    Registered User
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    Talking

    Could you please point were is line 245 of Menus.c ? (So we can have a clue)
    Mac OS 10.6 Snow Leopard : Darwin

  3. #3
    Kernel hacker
    Join Date
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    Location
    Farncombe, Surrey, England
    Posts
    15,677
    You are not including windows.h in your menus.c - so any type defined by windows (such as handles for menus) is not defined in this file.

    --
    Mats
    Compilers can produce warnings - make the compiler programmers happy: Use them!
    Please don't PM me for help - and no, I don't do help over instant messengers.

  4. #4
    Math wizard
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    Don't I have Windows.h defined in the main file - shouldn't that be included in everything that follows, including my own files? Or, since I'm not familiar with having multiple files for a project (I'm used to putting all files in a single file (With that, the line count easily ends up over 10,000.).).
    High elevation is the best elevation. The higher, the better the view!
    My computer: XP Pro SP3, 3.4 GHz i7-2600K CPU (OC'd to 4 GHz), 4 GB DDR3 RAM, X-Fi Platinum sound, GeForce 460, 1920x1440 resolution, 1250 GB HDD space, Visual C++ 2008 Express

  5. #5
    a_capitalist_story
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
    Posts
    2,650
    Umm...yeah. DON'T do this:
    Code:
    #include "Menus.c" // this problematic file is at the end
    you include headers, not code files. Unless you really, REALLY know what you're doing. And even then, you shouldn't.

  6. #6
    Math wizard
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    Yeah, I figured that out due to a double definition. I've got everything working now. Thanks. Now I can get going on this project!
    High elevation is the best elevation. The higher, the better the view!
    My computer: XP Pro SP3, 3.4 GHz i7-2600K CPU (OC'd to 4 GHz), 4 GB DDR3 RAM, X-Fi Platinum sound, GeForce 460, 1920x1440 resolution, 1250 GB HDD space, Visual C++ 2008 Express

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