Spot the diffrence

This is a discussion on Spot the diffrence within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hi what is the difference between: Code: uint8_t size = 50; -- Code: for (i = 0; i < (size ...

  1. #1
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    Spot the diffrence

    Hi

    what is the difference between:

    Code:
    uint8_t size = 50;
    --

    Code:
    for (i = 0; i < (size * 9); i++) {
    } // for
    and

    Code:
    for (i = 0; i < size * 9; i++) {
    } // for
    thanks

    David

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    There should be no difference

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    wait... yes there is... something to do with the casting of the different types

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    Aside from the exact character content, no there's no difference (at least not in gcc, and I don't expect any other compiler to have a problem either - but there's obviously no guarantee). That assumes that the variable i is a int or at least a type larger than uint8_t, otherwise it will do something DIFFERENT from what you expect - most likely an infinite loop.

    --
    Mats
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  5. #5
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    what is the difference
    The second for-loop uses more parenthesis. Apart from that, there's no difference due to implicit cast to int.

    Greets,
    Philip

    EDIT: of course assuming i is of type int, as matsp suggested explicitly.
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  6. #6
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    50 * 9 = 450
    What's the max range of a uint8_t ?
    When does the promotion you desire happen?
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    placing the parenthesis in this case changes when the implied casting takes place, which therefore *potentially* changes what happens.

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    placing the parenthesis in this case changes when the implied casting takes place, which therefore *potentially* changes what happens.
    No. Let's reconsider the code in question:

    Code:
    for (i = 0; i < (size * 9); i++);
    "size" is of type uint8_t and 9 is of type int. As sizeof(int) >= sizeof(uint8_t), the result is of type int (C always uses the bigger one of the two types involved).

    As "i" is assumed to be of type int, the "<"-operator compares two ints.

    The described behaviour doesn't change by omitting parentheses, as they're useless anyway: "*" has a higher precedence than "<".

    Greets,
    Philip
    All things begin as source code.
    Source code begins with an empty file.
    -- Tao Te Chip

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    You are correct. In the simple example the parethesis don't make any difference. In a more complex expression though, placing () in seemingly needless places can effect the outcome when implicit type casting is occurring.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Bladactania View Post
    You are correct. In the simple example the parethesis don't make any difference. In a more complex expression though, placing () in seemingly needless places can effect the outcome when implicit type casting is occurring.
    It can have that effect, and it's usually not desirable effects. Best to promote all components to the largest possible component as early as possible, to avoid any nasty side-effects. And of course, the same applies to floating point mixed with integer - it's best to make sure everything is float before even starting the calculation (e.g. by explicit casts, if need be).

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    Mats
    Compilers can produce warnings - make the compiler programmers happy: Use them!
    Please don't PM me for help - and no, I don't do help over instant messengers.

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