Explanation of Code

This is a discussion on Explanation of Code within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; I am having trouble seeing what this code is doing. I keep getting flag[i] as the only on going into ...

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Nov 2006
    Posts
    85

    Question Explanation of Code

    I am having trouble seeing what this code is doing. I keep getting flag[i] as the only on going into the critical section, which obviously means I am missing something! This isnt homework and I didn't write this code, we are discussing it in class, but I need a better understanding of what is going on! Please explain! Thanks!

    So all elements of flag are initially idle, and inital value of turn is between 0 and n-1 (this is what is throwing me off I think.) The processes share:

    Code:
    enum pstate {idle, want_int, in_cs};
    pstate flag[n];
    int turn;

    Code:
    do {
        while(TRUE){
             flag[i] - want_in;
             j = turn;
         
            while( j != i){
                    if (flag[j] != idle)
                         j = turn;
                    else
                         j = (j + 1) % n;
                    }
    
            flag[i] = in_cs;
            j = 0;
    
            while ((j<n) && (j == i || flag[j] != in_cs))
                   j++;
    
             if ((j >=n) && (turn == i || flag[turn] == idle))
                   break;
    }
    
    //critical section
    
    j = (turn + 1) % n;
    
    while (flag[j] == idle)
           j = (j + 1) % n;
    
    turn = j;
    flag[i]= idle;
    
    //remainder section
    
    } while (TRUE)

  2. #2
    HelpingYouHelpUsHelpUsAll
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
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    In your nightmares
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    223
    Is this all the code, you are missing some stuff. Also the last line ends the do and should just contain the '}'. Where is turn assigned a value? j = turn; just reserves a space in memory and does not guarantee an initial value of 0. try declaring turn similar to the following:
    Code:
    int turn = 0;
    Also, what parts do you understand? mabye a debugger or deskchecking it might help...
    long time no C; //seige
    You miss 100% of the people you don't C;
    Code:
    if (language != LANG_C && language != LANG_CPP)
        drown(language);

  3. #3
    Kernel hacker
    Join Date
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    Farncombe, Surrey, England
    Posts
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    Code:
             flag[i] - want_in;
    This is probably a typo: It doesn't do anything [well, in theory, it calculates flag[i] - want_in and then throws away the result - but that is "doing nothing"].

    --
    Mats
    Compilers can produce warnings - make the compiler programmers happy: Use them!
    Please don't PM me for help - and no, I don't do help over instant messengers.

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