help.. confusion.. passing multi-array to pointer (incompatable pointer type)

This is a discussion on help.. confusion.. passing multi-array to pointer (incompatable pointer type) within the C Programming forums, part of the General Programming Boards category; Hi im new.. I am trying to create a program that is able to write to a file... at first ...

  1. #1
    Registered User
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Posts
    3

    help.. confusion.. passing multi-array to pointer (incompatable pointer type)

    Hi im new..

    I am trying to create a program that is able to write to a file...

    at first i started like code below

    Code:
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <ctype.h>
    
    void wrecords(FILE *fp);
    void fpfs(FILE *fp, char prom[], char str[], int choice);
    void rrecord(FILE *fp);
    
    
    
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
    	FILE *fp;
    	int option;
    	fp = fopen("file.cvs", "a+");
    	
    	printf("Write and Read File Experment\n\n");
    	
    	for(;;)	{
    	option = 0;
    	
    	printf("1: Write Records\n");
    	printf("2: Read Records\n");
    	printf("3: Exit Program\n\n");
    	
    		while(option == 0) {
    			printf("Please Choose Option: ");
    			scanf("%d", &option);
    			if(isdigit(option))
    				printf("Error Number Wasn't Entered\n");
    			else if(option < 1 || option > 3)
    				printf("invalid choice\n");
    		}
    		
    	switch(option){
    		case 1:
    			wrecords(fp);
    			break;
    		case 2:
    			rrecord(fp);
    			break;
    		}
    		if(option == 3)
    			break;
    	}
    	
    
    	fclose(fp);
    	printf("File has been closed, end of program\n");
    	getchar();
    }
    
    void wrecords(FILE *fp)
    {
    	int id = 0;
    	char firstname[10][50];
    	char lastname[10][50];
    
    	if(fp == NULL){
    		printf("Error opening file\n");
    		exit(1);
    		}
    		
    	
    		
    	for(id = 0; id < 5; id++)	{
    		printf("Record #%d\n", id+1);
    		fprintf(fp, "%d,", id);
    		printf("Firstname: ");
    		scanf("%s", firstname[id]);
    		fprintf(fp, "%s,", firstname[id]);
    		printf("Lastname: ");
    		scanf("%s", lastname[id]);
    		fprintf(fp, "%s;\n", lastname[id]);
    	}
    
    	
    	for(id = 5; id < 10; id++){
    		printf("Record #%d\n", id+1);
    		fprintf(fp, "%d,", id);
    		fpfs(fp, "Firstname: ", firstname[id], 1);
    		fpfs(fp, "Secondname: ", lastname[id], 2);
    	}
    }
    
    void fpfs(FILE *fp, char prom[], char str[], int choice)
    {
    	printf("%s", prom);
    	scanf("%s", str);
    	
    	fprintf(fp, "%s", str);
    	
    	if(choice == 1)
    		fprintf(fp, ",");
    	else if(choice == 2)
    		fprintf(fp, ";\n");
    }
    
    void rrecord(FILE *fp)
    {
    	if(fp == NULL){
    		printf("Error opening file\n");
    		exit(1);
    		}
    		
    	printf("Function is not yet made\n");
    }
    the above code worked then i decided to put the firstname[][], lastname[][], in the main for making a read file function for the previous records added, and i wanted a pointer to the array for editiing in a function(im crap at explaining but im sure you see what i mean looking at the code)

    but now im getting:
    file.c: In function `main':
    file.c:45: warning: passing arg 2 of `wrecords' from incompatible pointer type
    file.c:45: warning: passing arg 3 of `wrecords' from incompatible pointer type
    file.c: In function `wrecords':
    file.c:89: warning: passing arg 3 of `fpfs' from incompatible pointer type
    file.c:90: warning: passing arg 3 of `fpfs' from incompatible pointer type

    here the new code that generated the errors above:
    Code:
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <ctype.h>
    
    void wrecords(FILE *fp, char *firstname[], char *lastname[], int *id);
    void fpfs(FILE *fp, char prom[], char *str[], /*int id, */int choice);
    
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
    	FILE *fp;
    	int id = 0;
    	int recordn[100];
    	char firstname[100][50];
    	char lastname[100][50];
    	int option;
    	fp = fopen("file.cvs", "a+");
    	
    	printf("Write and Read File Experment\n\n");
    	
    	for(;;)	{
    	option = 0;
    	
    	printf("1: Write Records\n");
    	printf("2: Read Records\n");
    	printf("3: Exit Program\n\n");
    	
    		while(option == 0) {
    			printf("Please Choose Option: ");
    			scanf("%d", &option);
    			if(isdigit(option))
    				printf("Error Number Wasn't Entered\n");
    			else if(option < 1 || option > 3)
    				printf("invalid choice\n");
    		}
    		
    	switch(option){
    		case 1:
    			wrecords(fp, firstname[id], lastname[id], &id);
    			break;
    		case 2:
    			//rrecord(recordn[1], firstname[1], lastname[1]);
    			break;
    		}
    		if(option == 3)
    			break;
    	}
    	
    
    	fclose(fp);
    	printf("File has been closed, end of program\n");
    	getchar();
    }
    
    void wrecords(FILE *fp, char *firstname[], char *lastname[], int *i)
    {
    	int id;
    	id = *i;
    
    
    	if(fp == NULL){
    		printf("Error opening file\n");
    		exit(1);
    		}
    		
    	
    		
    	for(id = 0; id < 5; id++)	{
    		printf("Record #%d\n", id+1);
    		fprintf(fp, "%d,", id);
    		printf("Firstname: ");
    		scanf("%s", firstname[id]);
    		fprintf(fp, "%s,", firstname[id]);
    		printf("Lastname: ");
    		scanf("%s", lastname[id]);
    		fprintf(fp, "%s;\n", lastname[id]);
    	}
    
    	
    	for(id = 5; id < 10; id++){
    		printf("Record #%d\n", id+1);
    		fprintf(fp, "%d,", id);
    		fpfs(fp, "Firstname: ", firstname[id], 1);
    		fpfs(fp, "Secondname: ", lastname[id], 2);
    	}
    	
    	*i = id;
    }
    
    void fpfs(FILE *fp, char prom[], char *str[], /*int id, */int choice)
    {
    	printf("%s", prom);
    	scanf("%s", str);
    	
    	fprintf(fp, "%s", str);
    	
    	if(choice == 1)
    		fprintf(fp, ",");
    	else if(choice == 2)
    		fprintf(fp, ";\n");
    }
    /*
    void rrecord()
    {	
    	printf("Function is not yet made\n");
    }
    */
    its started to confuse me ive tried changing stuff also on how i set up the array like i have to i need to use the & when assigning a pointer to the array or does "the name of the array is a pointer to first element in array" rule apply, can any one help?

    thanks in advance.

  2. #2
    CSharpener vart's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2006
    Location
    Rishon LeZion, Israel
    Posts
    6,473
    the type of firstname[id]
    is char[50]
    which is converted to

    char*

    if you want to pass array of strings you should drop [id] part in main

    in this case argumant of the function should be

    char names[][50]
    not
    char* names[]

    these types are different
    The first 90% of a project takes 90% of the time,
    the last 10% takes the other 90% of the time.

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